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Cyprinidae is the biggest family of freshwater fish, but the phylogenetic relationships among its higher-level taxa are not yet fully resolved. In this study, we used the nuclear recombination activating gene 2 and the mitochondrial 16S ribosomal RNA and cytochrome b genes to reconstruct cyprinid phylogeny. Our aims were to (i) demonstrate the effects of(More)
Despite their great diversity and biological importance, evolutionary relationships among the endemic clade of East Asian Cyprinidae remain ambiguous. Understanding the phylogenetic history of this group involves many challenges. For instance, ecomorphological convergence may confound morphology-based phylogenetic inferences, and previous molecular(More)
Origin and diversification of the Tibetan polyploid cyprinids (schizothoracins) may help us to explore relationships between diversification of the cyprinids and the Tibetan Plateau uplift. Cyprininae phylogeny was analyzed using mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences to trace origins of polyploidy and diversifications of schizothoracins. Ancestral states(More)
The genus Schizothorax (Cyprinidae), one of the most diverse genera of ichthyofauna of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP), is a good candidate for investigating patterns of genetic variation and evolutionary mechanisms. In this study, sequences from the mitochondrial control region, the cytochrome b gene, and two nuclear genes were used to re-examine the(More)
Nitrogen-doped graphene nanoribbon aerogels (N-GNRAs) are fabricated through the self-assembly of graphene oxide nanoribbons (GONRs) combined with a thermal annealing process. Amino-groups are grafted to the surface of graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) by an epoxy ring-opening reaction. High nitrogen doping level (7.6 atm% as confirmed by elemental analysis) is(More)
Transition metal oxide coupling with carbon is an effective method for improving electrical conductivity of battery electrodes and avoiding the degradation of their lithium storage capability due to large volume expansion/contraction and severe particle aggregation during the lithium insertion and desertion process. In our present work, we develop an(More)
—In this paper, a novel precoding technique is proposed to improve the performance of the MIMO interference channel (MIC). Since the reachable sum-rate is a long-term problem, we present an iterative approach to improve the power-offset and achieve a higher sum-rate than the ordinary scheme. Considering the difference between MIC and multi-input(More)
This paper address the problem of designing jointly the linear transmitters and receiver in a non-regenerative MIMO relay system, where linear processing is applied at the source, relay and destination node, using minimum mean square error (MMSE) criterion. Under the average power constraints at both the source and relay node, the iterative optimization(More)
— Power offset is zero-order term in the SNR-capacity curve. In this contribution, approximate analysis of power offset is used to describe single-user two transmit multiple receive MIMO system with uniform linear antenna arrays of fixed length by fitting determinant curve of tri-diagonal toeplitz matrix. The simulation results show that approximation of(More)