Learn More
Commercially pure titanium (cpTi) and polyetheretherketone (PEEK) are widely used surface-modified implant materials in orthopedics and dental therapeutics. However, there still has not been comprehensive biocompatibility evaluation of them at molecular level. By employing stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture (SILAC), we profiled the(More)
Amyloid-beta (Aβ) aggregation plays an important role in the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the AD brain, amyloid plaques are surrounded by reactive astrocytes, and many essential functions of astrocytes have been reported to be mediated by protein secretion. However, the roles of activated astrocytes in AD progression are under intense debate.(More)
Amyloid plaques are crucial for the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD). Phagocytosis of fibrillar β-amyloid (Aβ) by activated microglia is essential for Aβ clearance in Alzheimer disease. However, the mechanism underlying Aβ clearance in the microglia remains unclear. In this study, we performed stable isotope labeling of amino acids in cultured cells(More)
UNLABELLED Amyloid-beta (Aβ) deposition plays a crucial role in the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The Aβ deposited extracellularly can be phagocytosed and degraded by surrounding activated astrocytes, but the precise mechanisms underlying Aβ clearance mediated by astrocytes remain unclear. In this study, we performed tandem mass tag-based(More)
Oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in normal brain aging and various neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Irreversible protein carbonylation, a widely used marker for oxidative stress, rises during aging. The temporal cortex is essential for learning and memory and particularly susceptible to oxidative stress during aging and(More)
Neuroblastoma is the most common pediatric extracranial solid tumor with a broad spectrum of clinical behavior and poor prognosis. Despite intensive multimodal therapy, ongoing clinical trials, and basic science investigations, neuroblastoma remains a complex medical challenge with a long-term survival rate less than 40%. In our study, we found that(More)
Deregulation of the TH17 subset of helper T cells is closely linked with immunological disorders and inflammatory diseases. However, the mechanism by which TH17 cells are regulated remains elusive. Here we found that the phosphatase DUSP2 (PAC1) negatively regulated the development of TH17 cells. DUSP2 was directly associated with the signal transducer and(More)
PTEN is a critical tumour suppressor that is frequently mutated in human cancer. We have previously identified a CUG initiated PTEN isoform designated PTENα, which functions in mitochondrial bioenergetics. Here we report the identification of another N-terminal extended PTEN isoform, designated PTENβ. PTENβ translation is initiated from an AUU codon(More)
N-succinimidyloxycarbonylmethyl tris(2,4,6-trimethoxyphenyl) phosphonium bromide (TMPP-Ac-OSu) reacts rapidly, mildly, and specifically with the N-terminals of proteins and peptides. Thus, it can be developed as an ideal isotope-coded tag to be used in quantitative proteomics. Here, we present a strategy for light and heavy TMPP-based quantitative proteomic(More)
AIMS PTEN-putative kinase 1 (PINK1)-Parkin-mediated mitophagy is crucial for the clearance of damaged mitochondria. However, the mechanisms underlying PINK1-Parkin-mediated mitophagy are not fully understood. The goal of this study is to identify new regulators and to elucidate the regulatory mechanisms of mitophagy. RESULTS Quantitative mitochondrial(More)