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Immuno-imaging with confocal and electron microscopy revealed the localization of retinal guanylate cyclase (RetGC) in human and monkey retinas. Using an antibody against a peptide derived from human RetGC, RetGC was found predominantly in the photoreceptor layer in these retinas, although a small amount of RetGC was detected in various other retinal cells.(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) are expressed on non-neuronal cell types, including normal bronchial epithelial cells, and nicotine has been reported to cause Akt activation in cultured normal airway cells. This study documents mRNA and protein expression of subunits known to form a muscle-type nAChR in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell(More)
The present experiments were designed to evaluate the effects of pifithrin-alpha (PFT-alpha), which is a p53 inhibitor, on doxorubicin (DOX)-induced apoptosis and cardiac injury. Administration of DOX (22.5 mg/kg ip) in mice upregulated the mRNA levels of Bax and MDM2, whereas PFT-alpha attenuated those levels when administered at a total dose of 4.4 mg/kg(More)
The present study was designed to explore the protective effects of melatonin and its analogs, 6-hydroxymelatonin and 8-methoxy-2-propionamidotetralin, on the survival of doxorubicin-treated mice and on doxorubicin-induced cardiac dysfunction, ultrastructural alterations, and apoptosis in mouse hearts. Whereas 60% of the mice treated with doxorubicin (25(More)
Gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) is a mitogen for lung epithelial cells and initiates signaling through a G-protein-coupled receptor, gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR). Because GRPR transactivates the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), we investigated induction by GRP of Akt, an EGFR-activated signaling pathway, and examined effects of GRP on(More)
Doxorubicin (Dox) is a chemotherapeutic agent that causes significant cardiotoxicity. We showed previously that Dox activates p53 and induces apoptosis in mouse hearts. This study was designed to elucidate the molecular events that lead to p53 stabilization, to examine the pathways involved in Dox-induced apoptosis, and to evaluate the effectiveness of(More)
The cardiac toxicity of doxorubicin (DOX), a potent anticancer anthracycline antibiotic, is believed to be mediated through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cardiomyocytes. This study aims to determine the function of cellular glutathione peroxidase (Gpx1), which is located in both mitochondria and cytosol, in defense against DOX-induced(More)
Recent studies have shown that estrogens promote the growth of lung cancer cells and may potentially be responsible for increased susceptibility to lung cancer in women. These observations raise the possibility of using antiestrogens in treating and preventing lung cancer. However, it is not clear how estrogen receptors (ERs) modulate the growth of(More)
Doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiotoxicity is thought to be mediated by the generation of superoxide anion radicals (superoxide) from redox cycling of DOX in cardiomyocyte mitochondria. Reduction of superoxide generates H(2)O(2), which diffuses throughout the cell and potentially contributes to oxidant-mediated cardiac injury. The mitochondrial and cytosolic(More)
Chua, Chu Chang, Xuwan Liu, Jinping Gao, Ronald C. Hamdy, and Balvin H. L. Chua. Multiple actions of pifithrinon doxorubicininduced apoptosis in rat myoblastic H9c2 cells. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 290: H2606–H2613, 2006; doi:10.1152/ajpheart.01138.2005.— Doxorubicin (Dox) is a chemotherapeutic agent that causes significant cardiotoxicity. We showed(More)