Xusheng Shao

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BACKGROUND IPP-10 is a novel neonicotinoid insecticide recently developed in China and has good activity against sucking insects. Studies were carried out to investigate the activity of IPP-10 against Rhopalosiphum padi L. RESULTS The results demonstrated that IPP-10 had both contact and systemic activity, including acropetal and basipetal translocation(More)
  • Haibo Bao, Xusheng Shao, +4 authors Zhong Li
  • Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
  • 2016
Insecticide synergists are key components to increase the control efficacy and reduce active ingredient use. Here, we describe a novel insecticide synergist with activity specific for insecticidal neonicotinoids. The synergist IPPA08, a cis configuration neonicotinoid compound with a unique oxabridged substructure, could increase the toxicity of most(More)
Cycloxaprid (CYC), with two stereogenic centers from oxabridged ring, is a novel potent neonicotinoid insecticide. The investigation of relevant transformation products (TPs) is critical for the risk evaluation of CYC on environment impact and further regulatory decisions. In this study, stereoselective soil metabolism of CYC enantiomers was investigated(More)
A series of neonicotinoids analogues of hexahydroimidazo[1,2-alpha]pyridine were modified at 5-, 6-, and 7-positions, and their insecticidal activities were evaluated. Introducing a methyl or ethyl at 7-position increased the insecticidal activities, while other substituents decreased activities. When alkyl substituents were introduced to 7-position, the(More)
To keep the nitro group in the cis position, a series of nitromethylene neonicotinoids containing a tetrahydropyridine ring with exo-ring ether modifications were designed and synthesized. All of the compounds were characterized and confirmed by 1H NMR, high-resolution mass spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and IR. The bioassay tests showed that some of(More)
Cycloxaprid (CYC) is a novel neonicotinoid prepared from the (nitromethylene)imidazole (NMI) analogue of imidacloprid. In this study we consider whether CYC is active per se or only as a proinsecticide for NMI. The IC50 values (nM) for displacing [(3)H]NMI binding are 43-49 for CYC and 2.3-3.2 for NMI in house fly and honeybee head membranes and 302 and(More)
To replace nitromethylene pharmacophore with a nitroconjugated system, a series of novel neonicotinoid analogues bearing five-membered aromatic heterocycles were designed and synthesized. Bioassays indicated that some of the synthesized compounds exhibited higher insecticidal activities than imidacloprid against cowpea aphids ( Aphis craccivora ), armyworm(More)
The nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptor (nAChR) is the principal insecticide target. Nearly half of the insecticides by number and world market value are neonicotinoids acting as nAChR agonists or organophosphorus (OP) and methylcarbamate (MC) acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors. There was no previous evidence for in vivo interactions of the nAChR(More)
Three series of novel azabridge neonicotinoid analogues were designed and synthesized, which were constructed by starting material A, glutaraldehyde, and primary amine hydrochlorides (aliphatic amines, phenylhydrazines, and anilines). Most of the eight-membered azabridge compounds presented higher insecticidal activities than oxabridged compound B against(More)
Insecticide resistance is a critical problem for pest control and management. For Bemisia tabaci, striking high metabolic resistance (generally conferred by CYP6CM1) was observed for imidacloprid (IMI) and most other neonicotinoid members. However, dinotefuran (DIN) displayed very low resistance factors, which indicated distinct metabolic properties. Here,(More)