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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal disease characterized by degeneration of both upper and lower motor neurons. In this study, we aimed to measure both plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) phosphorylated neurofilament heavy chain (pNF-H) levels in patients with ALS, and determine if there is a correlation. We also(More)
—In 3G mobile communication system, mobile broadband data services create great opportunities on revenue growth for network carriers. In the mean time, the dramatically increased subscribers make the access and core network more and more overloaded everyday. Unfortunately, majority of wireless bandwidth is consumed by non revenue driven application traffic(More)
Pesticides are extensively used by farmers in China. However, the effects of pesticides on farmers' health have not yet been systematically studied. This study evaluated the effects of pesticides exposure on hematological and neurological indicators over 3 years and 10 days respectively. A cohort of 246 farmers was randomly selected from 3 provinces(More)
The intensive use of pesticides has attracted great attention from the Chinese government. However, current regulations have had limited influence on their safe use. Although the acute neurologic effects of pesticides have been well documented, little is known about their cumulative effects. Knowledge of the impact of pesticides on health may convince(More)
The aim of this study is to analyze cognitive impairment in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Forty-four participants matched for age, sex, and educational background were enrolled as the sporadic ALS group (n = 22) and the control group (n = 22). All participants completed comprehensive neuropsychological tests, including the Mini-Mental State(More)
This study was conducted to establish a reference value for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels. We also evaluated the sensitivity of CSF hCG as a biomarker to detect intracranial ectopic germinomas that arise in rare sites other than the pineal and suprasellar regions. CSF hCG was measured in 201 male patients who had(More)
The diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is mainly based on clinical and electrophysiological features. It is yet to be confirmed if cystatin C (Cys-C) can be a candidate diagnostic biomarker for ALS. This retrospective study aimed at investigating the changes in the level of Cys-C levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of Chinese patients with(More)
Mutations of Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) have rarely been identified in Chinese patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We recently initiated a program to screen mutations of SOD1, TARDBP, and C9orf72 genes, the most commonly mutated genes in ALS patients in Western countries, in Chinese ALS patients. In this study, we report a novel(More)
OBJECTIVES Distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles (DMRV) is a typical autosomal recessive hereditary inclusion body myopathy, characterized by slowly progressive distal muscle weakness with relative sparing of the quadriceps. This study aimed to investigate the variability of clinical and morphological presentation and the spectrum of Glucosamine(More)
This study analyzed the associations of farmers' exposure to organophosphates (OPs), organosulfurs (OSs), organonitrogens (ONs) and pyrethroids (PYRs) with parameters of the blood complete counts (CBC), a blood chemistry panel (BCP) and the conventional nerve conduction studies among 224 farmers in China in 2012. Two health examinations and a series of(More)