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The aim of this study was to assess the effect of enoxacin on osteoclastogenesis and titanium particle-induced osteolysis. Wear particles liberated from the surface of prostheses are associated with aseptic prosthetic loosening. It is well established that wear particles induce inflammation, and that extensive osteoclastogenesis plays a critical role in(More)
Wear particle-induced aseptic prosthetic loosening is one of the most common reasons for total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Extensive bone destruction (osteolysis) by osteoclasts plays an important role in wear particle-induced peri-implant loosening. Thus, strategies for inhibiting osteoclast function may have therapeutic benefit for prosthetic loosening.(More)
Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer worldwide. The majority of patients with cancer succumb to the disease as a result of distant metastases (for example, in the bones), which cause severe complications. Despite advancements in breast cancer treatment, chemotherapeutic outcomes remain far from satisfactory, prompting a search for(More)
We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate use of PCR assays for diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection (PJI). The pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.86 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.77 to 0.92) and 0.91 (CI, 0.81 to 0.96), respectively. Subgroup analyses showed that use of tissue samples may improve sensitivity, and quantitative PCR and sonication(More)
This meta-analysis included 12 studies that evaluated sonication fluid cultures (SFC) for the diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection (PJI). The pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.80 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.74 to 0.84) and 0.95 (CI, 0.90 to 0.98), respectively. Subgroup analyses showed that a 14-day anaerobic culture may improve sensitivity,(More)
Wear particle-induced osteolysis and subsequent aseptic loosening remains the most common complication that limits the longevity of prostheses. Wear particle-induced osteoclastogenesis is known to be responsible for extensive bone erosion that leads to prosthesis failure. Thus, inhibition of osteoclastic bone resorption may serve as a therapeutic strategy(More)
BACKGROUND The accuracy of synovial fluid (SF) white cell count (WCC) and polymorphonuclear (PMN) cell evaluation for predicting prosthetic joint infection (PJI) at the total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) site is unknown. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to summarize the diagnostic validity of SF-WCC and SF-PMN for(More)
Bone resorption is the unique function of osteoclasts (OCs) and is critical for both bone homeostasis and pathologic bone diseases including osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis and tumor bone metastasis. Thus, searching for natural compounds that may suppress osteoclast formation and/or function is promising for the treatment of osteoclast-related diseases.(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the diagnostic validity of Three-phase bone scintigraphy (TPBS) for diagnosing prosthetic joint infection (PJI) in cases of suspected infected total joint arthroplasty. METHODS We performed a systematic search using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and OVID databases to conduct pertinent data published between January 1990 and December(More)
Osteoclast-induced bone resorption and wear-particle-induced osteolysis leads to prosthetic loosening, one of the most common causes of joint implant failure, resulting in revision surgery. Thus, inhibition of osteoclastic bone resorption, which further prevents wear particle-induced osteolysis, is a potential treatment strategy for prosthetic loosening.(More)