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The organization of cellular niches is known to have a key role in regulating normal stem cell differentiation and regeneration, but relatively little is known about the architecture of microenvironments that support malignant metastasis. Using dynamic in vivo confocal imaging, here we show that murine bone marrow contains unique anatomic regions defined by(More)
We describe a new method for selective cell targeting based on the use of light-absorbing microparticles and nanoparticles that are heated by short laser pulses to create highly localized cell damage. The method is closely related to chromophore-assisted laser inactivation and photodynamic therapy, but is driven solely by light absorption, without the need(More)
The NPC is the portal for the exchange of proteins, mRNA, and ions between nucleus and cytoplasm. Many small molecules (<10 kDa) permeate the nucleus by simple diffusion through the pore, but molecules larger than 70 kDa require ATP and a nuclear localization sequence for their transport. In isolated Xenopus oocyte nuclei, diffusion of intermediate-sized(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) expression is up-regulated in several inflammatory diseases including psoriasis, delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reactions, and rheumatoid arthritis. To directly characterize the biologic function of VEGF-A in inflammation, we evaluated experimental DTH reactions induced in the ear skin of transgenic mice(More)
Multifunctional probes with high MRI sensitivity and high efficiency for cell labeling are desirable for MR cell imaging. Herein, we have fabricated fluorescent mesoporous silica-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (fmSiO4@SPIONs) for neural progenitor cell (C17.2) MR imaging. FmSiO4@SPIONs were discrete and uniform in size, and had a clear(More)
We develop a fiber optical coherence tomography (OCT) system in the clinical utility of imaging port wine stains (PWS). We use our OCT system on 41 patients with PWS to document the difference between PWS skin and contralateral normal skin. The system, which operates at 4 frames with axial and transverse resolutions of 10 and 9 mum, respectively, in the(More)
Surgical resection is a mainstay of brain tumor treatments. However, the completed excision of malignant brain tumor is challenged by its infiltrative nature. Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging is widely used for defining brain tumor in clinic. However its ability in tumor visualization is hindered by the transient circulation lifetime,(More)
Laser irradiation has been shown to trigger cellular proliferation and apoptosis in various cell types. Studying the signaling pathways involved in the laser irradiation is important for understanding these processes. In present study, to monitor the protein kinase Cs (PKCs) activity in living cells in real time, we transfected and screened human lung(More)
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) plays critical roles in not only energy metabolism and mitochondrial functions, but also calcium homeostasis and immunological functions. It has been reported that NAD(+) administration can reduce ischemic brain damage. However, the mechanisms underlying the protective effects remain unclear. Because mitochondrial(More)
Adult zebrafish are being increasingly used as a model in cancer and stem cell research. Here we describe an integrated optical system that combines a laser scanning confocal microscope (LSCM) and an in vivo flow cytometer (IVFC) for simultaneous visualization and cell quantification. The system is set up specifically for non-invasive tracking of both(More)