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Driver drowsiness is one of the major causes of serious traffic accidents, which makes this an area of great socioeconomic concern. Continuous monitoring of drivers’ drowsiness thus is of great importance to reduce drowsiness-caused accidents. This proposed research developed a real-time, nonintrusive driver drowsiness detection system by building(More)
This research proposes a PVDF film pulse wave sensor for use in driver's drowsiness detection. The sensor non-intrusively measures heart pulse wave from driver's palm and an adaptive filter is employed to cancel the measurement noise aroused by the changing of gripping force. Experimental results show clear pulse wave signals can be obtained. Two-hour(More)
This paper presents an active noise control system for infant incubators. Experimental results show that global noise reduction can be achieved for infant incubator ANC systems. An audio-integration algorithm is presented to introduce a healthy audio (intrauterine) sound with the ANC system to mask the residual noise and soothe the infant. Carbon nanotube(More)
Impulsive noise is an important challenge for the practical implementation of active noise control (ANC) systems. The advantages and disadvantages of popular filtered-X least mean square (FXLMS) ANC algorithm and nonlinear filtered-X least mean M-estimate (FXLMM) algorithm are discussed in this paper. A new modified FXLMM algorithm is also proposed to(More)
A fault-tolerant real-time scheduling algorithm through time redundancy, with a schedulability bound, is based on the worst execution time of tasks and the time reserved for fault-tolerant operation of tasks, has a high rejection rate and low resource utilization. This paper presents fault-tolerant earliest deadline scheduling with resource reclaim, based(More)
The fabrication of transparent, conductive, and uniform silver nanowire films using the scalable rod-coating technique is described in this study. Properties of the transparent conductive thin films are investigated, as well as the approaches to improve the performance of transparent silver nanowire electrodes. It is found that silver nanowires are oxidized(More)
Protein phosphorylation regulates a wide variety of cellular processes. Thus, we hypothesize that single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that may modulate protein phosphorylation could affect osteoporosis risk. Based on a previous conventional genome-wide association (GWA) study, we conducted a three-stage meta-analysis targeting phosphorylation-related(More)
This paper studies the adhesion, growth, and differentiation of stem cells on carbon nanotube matrices. Glass coverslips were coated with multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWNT) thin films using layer-by-layer self-assembling techniques. Pluripotent P19 mouse embryonal carcinoma stem cells were seeded onto uncoated or MWNT-coated coverslips, and either(More)
Hyperspectral unmixing is an important technique for identifying the constituent spectra and estimating their corresponding fractions in an image. Nonnegative Matrix Factorization (NMF) has recently been widely used for hyperspectral unmixing. However, due to the complex distribution of hyperspectral data, most existing NMF algorithms cannot adequately(More)