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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease in the world. The pathogenesis of AD is associated with beta-amyloid (Abeta) fibrillation. Nanoparticles have large surface area and can access the brain. But no investigation has been made to study the relationship between nanoparticles and AD. In our study, we observed Abeta fibril(More)
Abnormal assembly of monomeric beta-amyloid (Abeta) in Alzheimer's disease leads to the formation of most neurotoxic oligomers in vivo. In this study, we explored a linking strategy to design hybrid peptides, by combining the Abeta recognition motif and the solvent disruptive sequences. We found that in vitro all synthetic peptides with the recognition(More)
Amyloid-beta (Abeta) aggregation and Cu(II)-related oxidative stress are involved in the dysfunction and death of neurons in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the relationship between Abeta and Cu(II) is not clear. Furthermore, the pro- or anti-oxidant properties of Abeta are also under great debate. Here the H2O2 generating ability of Abeta42 in its(More)
Blocking the interaction between the E4 isoform of apolipoprotein E (ApoE) and amyloid beta-peptide (Aβ) may be an avenue for pharmacological intervention in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The main regions of interaction of the two proteins are, respectively, ApoE244-272 and Aβ12-28. These protein segments are too large to facilitate the design of small molecule(More)
Amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides can exist in distinct forms including monomers, oligomers and fibrils, consisting of increased numbers of monomeric units. Among these, Aβ oligomers are implicated as the primary toxic species as pointed by multiple lines of evidence. It has been suggested that toxicity could be rendered by the soluble higher-molecular-weight(More)
The streptavidin-biotin set is one of the most widely utilized conjugation pairs in biotechnological applications. The tetravalent nature of streptavidin and its homologues, however, tends to result in such undesirable complications as cross-linking or ill-defined stoichiometry. Here, we describe a mutagenesis-free strategy to manipulate the valencies of(More)
Abnormal deposition of aggregated wild-type (WT) human transthyretin (TTR) and its pathogenic variants is responsible for cardiomyopathy and neuropathy related to TTR amyloidosis. The tryptophan (Trp) fluorescence measurements typically used to study structural changes of TTR do not yield site-specific information on the two Trp residues per TTR protomer.(More)
Protein conformational changes are known to play important roles in assorted biochemical and biological processes. Driven by thermal motions of surrounding solvent molecules, such a structural remodeling often occurs stochastically. Yet, regardless of how random the conformational reconfiguration may appear, it could in principle be described by a linear(More)
Nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPS) incorporate assorted amino acid substrates into complex natural products. The substrate is activated via the formation of a reactive aminoacyl adenylate and is subsequently attached to the protein template via a thioester bond. The reactive nature of such intermediates, however, leads to side reactions that also break(More)
Nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPSs) are multidomain enzyme templates for the synthesis of bioactive peptides. Large-scale conformational changes during peptide assembly are obvious from crystal structures, yet their dynamics and coupling to catalysis are poorly understood. We have designed an NRPS FRET sensor to monitor, in solution and in real time,(More)
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