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Vanadium oxide cluster anions (V(x)O(y)(-), x = 2-3; y = 3-7) are produced by laser ablation and reacted with water in a fast flow reactor. A time-of-flight mass spectrometer is used to detect the cluster distribution before and after the reactions. Reaction channels of molecular hydrogen elimination (for V(2,3)O(3)(-)), water association (for V(2)O(5)(-)(More)
Lanthanum oxide cluster anions are prepared by laser ablation and reacted with n-C(4)H(10) in a fast flow reactor. A time-of-flight mass spectrometer is used to detect the cluster distribution before and after the reactions. (La(2)O(3))(m=1-3)OH(-) and La(3)O(7)H(-) are observed as products, which suggests the occurrence of hydrogen atom abstraction(More)
Vanadium-silicon heteronuclear oxide cluster cations were prepared by laser ablation of a V/Si mixed sample in an O(2) background. Reactions of the heteronuclear oxide cations with methane in a fast-flow reactor were studied with a time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometer to detect the cluster distribution before and after the reactions. Hydrogen abstraction(More)
Aluminum-vanadium bimetallic oxide cluster anions (BMOCAs) have been prepared by laser ablation and reacted with ethane and n-butane in a fast-flow reactor. A time-of-flight mass spectrometer was used to detect the cluster distribution before and after the reactions. The observation of hydrogen-containing products AlVO(5)H(-) and Al(x)V(4-x)O(11-x)H(-)(More)
Structures of stoichiometric (La(2)O(3))(n) (n = 1-6) clusters have been systematically studied by theoretical calculations. Global minimum structures for these clusters are determined by genetic algorithm based global optimizations at density functional level. The ground state structure for La(6)O(9) was found to be highly symmetric with point group O(h)(More)
Titanium and zirconium oxide cluster anions with dimensions up to nanosize are prepared by laser ablation and reacted with carbon monoxide in a fast low reactor. The cluster reactions are characterized by time-of-flight mass spectrometry and density functional theory calculations. The oxygen atom transfers from (TiO(2))(n)O(-) (n = 3-25) to CO and(More)
Zirconium oxide cluster cations and anions are produced by laser ablation and reacted with CO in a fast flow reactor. The CO adsorption products Zr(x)O(y)CO(+) are observed for most of the generated cationic clusters (Zr(x)O(y)(+) = Zr(2)O(5,6)(+), Zr(3)O(7,8)(+), Zr(4)O(9,10)(+)...) while only specific anionic systems (Zr(x)O(y)(-) = Zr(3)O(7)(-),(More)
Saturated hydrocarbons, or alkanes, are major constituents of natural gas and oil. Directly transforming alkanes into more complex organic compounds is a value-adding process, but the task is very difficult to achieve, especially at low temperature. Alkanes can react at high temperature, but these reactions (with oxygen, for example) are difficult to(More)
The intermolecular interactions between two meso-tetraphenylporphyrin diacid H(4)TPPCl(2) monomers are investigated by density functional theory with the PBE1PBE functional and 6-31G* basis set. Structures of five stable isomers of (H(4)TPPCl(2))(2) are determined. It is found that the interaction (IMHB-1) of Cl with ortho H atoms in two phenyl groups of(More)