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The roles of many sigma factors are unclear in regulatory mechanism of secondary metabolism in Streptomyces. Here, we report the regulation network of a group 3 sigma factor, WhiGch, from a natamycin industrial strain Streptomyces chattanoogensis L10. WhiGch regulates the growth and morphological differentiation of S. chattanoogensis L10. The whiG ch(More)
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is an autoimmune epidermal blistering disease caused by autoantibodies directed against the desmosomal cadherin desmoglein-3 (Dsg3). Significant advances in our understanding of pemphigus pathomechanisms have been derived from the generation of pathogenic monoclonal Dsg3 antibodies. However, conflicting models for pemphigus(More)
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is an autoimmune blistering disease characterized by autoantibodies to the keratinocyte adhesion protein desmoglein 3 (Dsg3). Previous studies suggest that PV pathogenesis involves p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase-dependent and -independent pathways. However, p38 is a difficult protein to study and therapeutically target because(More)
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a potentially fatal blistering disease caused by autoantibodies (autoAbs) against desmoglein 3 (Dsg3). Here, we clone anti-Dsg3 antibodies (Abs) from four PV patients and identify pathogenic VH1-46 autoAbs from all four patients. Unexpectedly, VH1-46 autoAbs had relatively few replacement mutations. We reverted antibody somatic(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to confirm the association of RHOB and FAM167A-BLK gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to systemic sclerosis (SSc) in a Chinese Han population. METHODS A total of 248 SSc patients and 251 healthy controls of Chinese Han ethnicity, which visited the department of dermatology of Peking Union Medical College Hospital,(More)
Multidrug resistance protein Pdr5p is a yeast ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter in the plasma membrane. It confers multidrug resistance by active efflux of intracellular drugs. However, the highly polymorphic Pdr5p from clinical strain YJM789 loses its ability to expel azole and cyclohexmide. To investigate the role of amino acid changes in this(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) with [18F] fluoro-deoxy-glucose (FDG) provides information about glucose metabolism and is used to measure tissue glucose kinetics in the brain. The recent interest in hybrid SPECT/PET systems emerged as a practical approach to reduce the high cost of purchasing a dedicated ring-detector PET system. We have implemented(More)
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is characterized by IgG1 and IgG4 autoantibodies to desmoglein (Dsg) 3, causing suprabasal blistering of skin and mucous membranes. IgG4 is the dominant autoantibody subclass in PV and correlates with disease activity, whereas IgG1 can be associated with remittent disease. It is unknown if switching the same variable region between(More)
Two high-copy number vectors, pL97 and pL98, that contain the strong constitutive ermEp* from Saccharopolyspora erythraea and the ssrA promoter (ssrAp) from Streptomyces coelicolor, respectively, and an inducible high-copy vector, pL99, with the PnitA-NitR system from Rhodococcus rhodochrous, were constructed based on the pIJ101 replicon. These vectors have(More)
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