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Understanding the mechanisms of the pharmacological effects of herbal formulae from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is important for their appropriate application. However, this understanding has been impeded by the complex nature of herbal formulae. A herbal formula is a mixture of hundreds of chemical ingredients with multiple potential targets. The(More)
Motivation : Exploring the potential curative effects of drugs is crucial for effective drug development. Previous studies have indicated that integration of multiple types of information could be conducive to discovering novel indications of drugs. However, how to efficiently identify the mechanism behind drug-disease associations while integrating data(More)
Tongue diagnosis is a unique method in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). This is the first investigation on the association between traditional tongue diagnosis and the tongue coating microbiome using next-generation sequencing. The study included 19 gastritis patients with a typical white-greasy or yellow-dense tongue coating corresponding to TCM Cold or(More)
Cold Syndrome and Hot Syndrome are thousand-year-old key therapeutic concepts in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which depict the loss of body homeostasis. However, the scientific basis of TCM Syndrome remains unclear due to limitations of current reductionist approaches. Here, we established a network balance model to evaluate the imbalanced network(More)
Bacterial colonisation of the gut is involved in the development of colitis-associated colorectal cancer. However, it remains unclear how the gut microbiota dynamically shifts correlating with colorectal carcinogenesis. Here, we reveal the longitudinal shifts in the microbial community that occur with colitis-associated colorectal cancer. High-throughput(More)
Colon cancer is one of the most common types of gastrointestinal cancers and the fourth cause of cancer death worldwide. To discover novel diagnostic biomarkers for colon cancer and investigate potential mechanisms of oncogenesis, quantitative proteomic approach using iTRAQ-tagging and 2D-LC-MS/MS was performed to characterize proteins alterations in colon(More)
FOXP3, a lineage-specific forkhead (FKH) transcription factor, plays essential roles in the development and function of regulatory T cells. However, the DNA-binding properties of FOXP3 are not well understood. In this study, FOXP3 fragments containing different domains were purified, and their DNA-binding properties were investigated using electrophoretic(More)
Lis1 is an essential protein whose insufficiency causes aberrant neuronal positioning during neocortical development. It is believed to regulate both cytoplasmic dynein, a microtubule minus-end-directed motor, through direct interaction, and platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) Ib by complexing with the catalytic subunits alpha1 and alpha2.(More)
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