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BACKGROUND Recent advance in genetic studies added the confirmed susceptible loci for type 2 diabetes to eighteen. In this study, we attempt to analyze the independent and joint effect of variants from these loci on type 2 diabetes and clinical phenotypes related to glucose metabolism. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Twenty-one single nucleotide polymorphisms(More)
There have been considerable advances in the understanding of species concepts in the genus Colletotrichum. This has lead to the need to carry out fresh surveys of Colletotrichum species associated with important hosts. Colletotrichum species are associated with Citrus plants as saprobes, important pre-harvest and post-harvest pathogens, as well as(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of diabetes in China is increasing rapidly. However, scarce data are available on serum electrolyte levels in Chinese adults with diabetes, especially in those with cardiovascular complications. This study measured serum electrolyte levels and examined their relationship with macrovascular complications in Chinese adults with(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate haemoglobin A1c (HbA(1c)) in diagnosing diabetes and identify the optimal HbA(1c) threshold to be used in Chinese adults. DESIGN Multistage stratified cross sectional epidemiological survey. SETTING Shanghai, China, 2007-8. PARTICIPANTS 4886 Chinese adults over 20 years of age with no history of diabetes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES(More)
BACKGROUND We updated the prevalence of obesity and evaluated the clinical utility of separate and combined waist circumference (WC) or body mass index (BMI) category increments in identifying cardiometabolic disorder (CMD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in Chinese adults. METHODS AND FINDINGS 46,024 participants aged ≥20 years, a nationally(More)
The automatic extraction of blood vessels in non-fluorescein eye fundus images is a tough task in applications such as diabetic retinopathy screening. However, vessel shapes have complex variations, and accurate modeling of retinal vascular structures is challenging. We have therefore developed a new approach to accurately extract blood vessels in(More)
BACKGROUND Over the past two decades, the prevalence of overweight or obesity has increased in China. The aims of this study were to firstly assess the baseline prevelences and the risk factors for overweight and obesity, and secondly to detect the changes of body mass index (BMI) over a follow-up period in Chinese adults in Shanghai. METHODS The data set(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes is a major risk factor for the development of kidney disease. We aimed to determine the prevalence of albuminuria and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Chinese subjects with diabetes and pre-diabetes and the risk factors for kidney disease. METHODS An urban community-based sample of 3714 adults in Shanghai was classified into normal(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Most genetic variants identified for type 2 diabetes have been discovered in European populations. We performed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in a Chinese population with the aim of identifying novel variants for type 2 diabetes in Asians. METHODS We performed a meta-analysis of three GWAS comprising 684 patients with type 2(More)
BACKGROUND Recent meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies in European descent samples identified novel loci influencing glucose and insulin related traits. In the current study, we aimed to evaluate the association between these loci and traits related to glucose metabolism in the Chinese. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We genotyped seventeen single(More)