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Numerous studies have demonstrated that the brain is one of the target organs in acute or chronic titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (NPs) toxicity, and oxidative stress plays an important role in this process. However, whether brain oxidative injury responds to TiO2 NPs by activating the P38-nuclear factor-E2-related factor-2 (Nrf-2) pathway is not(More)
TiO₂ nanoparticles (NPs) are used in the food industry but have potential toxic effects in humans and animals. TiO₂ NPs impair renal function and cause oxidative stress and renal inflammation in mice, associated with inhibition of nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), which regulates genes encoding many antioxidants and detoxifying enzymes.(More)
Although numerous studies have described the accumulation of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO(2) NPs) in the liver, kidneys, lung, spleen, and brain, and the corresponding damage, it is unclear whether or not TiO(2) NPs can be translocated to the ovary and cause ovarian injury, thus impairing fertility. In the current study, ovarian injury and(More)
Numerous studies have demonstrated that damage of kidney of mice can be caused by exposure to titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO(2) NPs). However, the molecular mechanism of TiO(2) NPs-induced nephric injury remains unclear. In this study, the mechanism of nephric injury in mice induced by an intragastric administration of TiO(2) NPs was investigated. The(More)
Numerous studies have demonstrated lanthanide (Ln) accumulation in the liver, and the corresponding damage; however, very little work has been done to evaluate the relationship between Ln-induced liver injury and its gene expression profile in mice. In this study, liver injury and gene-expressed profiles in male mice induced by oral administration of CeCl3(More)
Due to an increase in surface area per particle weight, nanosized titanium dioxide (nano-TiO2) has greatly increased its function as a catalyst and is used for whitening and brightening foods. However, concerns over the safety of nano-TiO2 have been raised. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the protein kinase MAPKs/PI3-K/Akt signaling(More)
Phoxim (O,O-diethyl O-(alpha-cyanobenzylideneamino) phosphorothioate) is a powerful organophosphorus pesticide with high potential for Bombyx mori larvae of silkworm exposure. However, it is possible that during the phoxim metabolism, there is generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and phoxim may produce oxidative stress and neurotoxicity in an(More)
Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) causes infection in the silkworm that is often lethal. The infection is hard to prevent, partly because of the nature of the virus particles and partly because of the different strains of B. mori. Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) have been demonstrated to have antimicrobial properties. The present study(More)
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) have been widely used in various areas, and its potential toxicity has gained wide attention. However, the molecular mechanisms of multiple genes working together in the TiO2 NP-induced splenic injury are not well understood. In the present study, 2.5, 5, or 10mg/kg body weight TiO2 NPs were administered to the mice(More)
Phoxim insecticide is widely used in agriculture, which is toxic to insect pests and nontarget organisms. The phoxim poisoning is hard to prevent for silkworms. TiO(2) NPs have been widely applied in whitening, brightening foods, toothpaste or sunscreens, and orally-administered drugs. However, whether TiO(2) NPs can increase resistance of silkworm to(More)