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Both cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) and cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) are nanoscale cellulose fibers that have shown reinforcing effects in polymer nanocomposites. CNCs and CNFs are different in shape, size and composition. This study systematically compared their morphologies, crystalline structure, dispersion properties in polyethylene oxide (PEO) matrix,(More)
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is one of the most important environmental factors involved in the pathogenesis of skin aging and cancer. Many harmful effects of UV radiation are associated with the generation of reactive oxygen species, and cellular antioxidants act to prevent the occurrence and reduce the severity of UV-induced skin disorders. Transcription(More)
We studied the expression of angiogenic factors (vascular endothelial growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor and hepatocyte growth factor) in cutaneous neurofibroma samples from patients with neurofibromatosis-1. Immunohistochemical staining and the reverse transcribed polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method(More)
UV radiation is an important environmental factor in the pathogenesis of skin aging and cancer. Many harmful effects of UV radiation are associated with generation of reactive oxygen species. Cellular antioxidants prevent the occurrence and reduce the severity of UV-induced photoaging and diseases of the skin. The transcription factor Nrf2 (NF-E2-related(More)
Primary melanoma, a highly aggressive malignancy, exhibits heterogeneity in biologic behaviors, clinical characteristics, metastasis potential and mortality. The present study sought to identify the molecular signatures that define a subgroup of primary melanomas with high risks of metastasis and mortality. First, we identified the markers that best(More)
There is an increasing demand for strain sensors with high sensitivity and high stretchability for new applications such as robotics or wearable electronics. However, for the available technologies, the sensitivity of the sensors varies widely. These sensors are also highly nonlinear, making reliable measurement challenging. Here we introduce a new family(More)
Human joints have the ability to recover their mechanical functions after moderate dislocation. This remarkable capability inspired us to develop a "bone-skin-like" mechanosensor that can detect multiple mechanical deformations after recovery from electrical disconnection. To create this sensor, we embedded a low-strength, wet-spun single-walled carbon(More)
Objective: To investigate the association of programmed cell death 1(PD-1), T cell immunoglobulin mucin 3 (TIM-3) and triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (TREM-1) genes polymorphisms with pulmonary tuberculosis susceptibility. Methods: In this case-control study, peripheral venous blood of 100 pulmonary tuberculosis patients (pulmonary(More)
We describe a 6-year-old boy with a granulomatous lesion on the upper aspect of his left arm. Fusarium solani infection was confirmed by biopsy studies and cultures. The biopsy specimen showed an unusually extensive dermal invasion with fungal hyphae. This is an uncommon clinical presentation for deep cutaneous infection caused by F solani in a healthy(More)
Yin-Yang-1 (YY1) is a member of the GLI-Krüppel family of transcription factors, and both YY1 mRNA and protein expression have been identified in a number of different tissues and cell types suggesting that it is expressed both constitutively and ubiquitously. In epidermal tissue, however, we reported previously that YY1 protein is expressed at high levels(More)