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Alkanes, the major constituents of gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel, are naturally produced by diverse species; however, the genetics and biochemistry behind this biology have remained elusive. Here we describe the discovery of an alkane biosynthesis pathway from cyanobacteria. The pathway consists of an acyl-acyl carrier protein reductase and an aldehyde(More)
To achieve strong adhesion to their neighbors and sustain stress and tension, epithelial cells develop many different specialized adhesive structures. Breakdown of these structures occurs during tumor progression, with the development of a fibroblastic morphology characteristic of metastatic cells. During Ras transformation, Rac-signaling pathways(More)
Associations between plasma membrane-linked proteins and the actin cytoskeleton play a crucial role in defining cell shape and determination, ensuring cell motility and facilitating cell-cell or cell-substratum adhesion. Here, we present evidence that CEACAM1-L, a cell adhesion molecule of the carcinoembryonic antigen family, is associated with the actin(More)
Reducing process cost of the bioconversion of lignocellulosic is a challenge. In China, abundant acidic wastewater from monosodium glutamate production is difficult to treat, leading to serious water pollution. In this study, acidic liquid (ALC) and solid residue components (SC) obtained from the wastewater were used in pretreatment and cellulase(More)
Alkaline peroxide mechanical pulping (APMP) of wheat straw with enzyme treatment was studied. Instead of direct enzyme pretreatment on wheat straw, an alternative treatment method was used, in which coarse pulps from refiner defibrated wheat straw rather than wheat straw were pretreated with a crude enzyme containing mainly xylanase, then impregnated with(More)
Ethanol production from corncob residues (CCR) pretreated by different methods was studied. The structure features of these CCR were analyzed by Fourier transform-infrared spectrum (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and field emission scanning electron microscope (SEM). Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) was performed by adding crude(More)
Alkaline polygalacturonate lyase (PGL, EC 4.2.2.2) is an enzyme used in many industries. We developed a fed-batch fermentation process that combines the enzymatic pretreatment of the carbon source with controlling the pH of the fermentative broth to enhance the PGL production from Bacillus subtilis 7-3-3 to decrease the production cost. Maintaining the(More)
BACKGROUND Liquid hot water (LHW) pretreatment is an effective and environmentally friendly method to produce bioethanol with lignocellulosic materials. In our previous study, high ethanol concentration and ethanol yield were obtained from water-insoluble solids (WIS) of reed straw and corn stover pretreated with LHW by using fed-batch semi-simultaneous(More)
This study evaluates the effects of some pretreatment processes to improve the enzymatic hydrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) for ethanol production. The experimental results show that the bisulfite pretreatment was practical for EFB pretreatment. Moreover, the optimum pretreatment conditions of the bisulfite pretreatment (180 °C, 30 min, 8%(More)
Reed was pretreated with liquid hot water (LHW) and then subjected to fed-batch semi-simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (S-SSF) to obtain high ethanol concentration and yield. Results show that water-insoluble solid (WIS) produced from reed pretreated at 180 and 210°C could be effectively converted to ethanol by using Saccharomyces cerevisiae.(More)