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A detailed three-dimensional nonlinear finite element model of lumbar segment L3-L5 was developed to investigate the influence of vibration on the components of human spine. The results show that the vibration effects of different spinal components are not exactly the same, and the stress near the posterior region of L4-L5 annulus is higher than that of its(More)
Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RTs) are rare, highly malignant central nervous system tumors that predominantly occur in young children. A 22-year-old woman presented with a 4-year history of relapsing tinnitus and gradual hearing loss. Neuroimaging revealed an enhanced intrinsic left internal auditory canal mass. The patient underwent radiotherapy(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) are important factors in tumorigenesis and malignant progression; however, studies of their roles in glioblastoma have produced conflicting results. To define the frequencies of COX-2 and 5-LO expression and their correlation with clinicopathological features and prognosis, tumor tissues from 76 cases of(More)
Sleep loss can alter extrinsic, task-related functional MRI signals involved in attention, memory, and executive function. However, the effects of sleep loss on brain structure have not been well characterized. Recent studies with patients with sleep disorders and animal models have demonstrated reduction of regional brain structure in the hippocampus and(More)
Ependymoma with cartilaginous metaplasia with or without bone formation is exceedingly rare. Only eight cases have been reported in the literature. We report a case of ependymoma with cartilaginous and osseous metaplasia in a 5-year-old boy. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of neoplastic ependymal tissue and mature cartilage and bone.(More)
In this paper, a new blind symbol synchronization algorithm is presented for orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) systems. The proposed algorithm extracts the timing which is not disturbed by delay spread within the guard interval by utilizing the cyclic prefix. A new timing function is introduced. By detecting the down-turn transition timing(More)
In the present study, the molecular chain changes and structural transitions of partially hydrolyzed poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) having a 12 mol% acetate unit were analyzed by moving-window two-dimensional (MW2D) correlation infrared spectroscopy combined with differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis. The results show the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Indoxyl sulfate, an important protein-bound uremic toxin, can damage stem cells, thus hampering stem cell-based regenerative medicine approaches targeting chronic kidney diseases (CKD). Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) are thought to have promising clinical application because of their high proliferative(More)
This research demonstrated that, in a colorimetric sensor array, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), 2,6-dinitrotoluene (2,6-DNT), 2,4-dinitrotoluene (2,4-DNT) and 4-nitrotoluene (4-MNT) were identifiable through a unique pattern in a qualitative and semi-quantitative manner. The adsorption capacity of the molecularly imprinted colloidal particles (MICs) for their(More)
Peritumoral brain edema (PTBE) is considered to be one of the main biological behaviors of brain glioma. However, the histopathological features of PTBE remain imprecisely defined. We analyzed the histopathological characteristics in the PTBE area of 22 cases of glioma. Microscopically, the pre-existing basic structure in the edema area was still preserved(More)