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Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) have antihypertensive properties and play a part in the maintenance of renal microvascular function. A novel approach to increase EET levels is to inhibit epoxide hydrolase enzymes that are responsible for conversion of biologically active EETs to dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs) that are void of effects on the(More)
The present study tested the hypothesis that increasing epoxyeicosatrienoic acids by inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) would lower blood pressure and ameliorate renal damage in salt-sensitive hypertension. Rats were infused with angiotensin and fed a normal-salt diet or an 8% NaCl diet for 14 days. The sEH inhibitor,(More)
Previous studies suggest that epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are vasodilators of the mesenteric artery; however, the production and regulation of EETs in the mesenteric artery remain unclear. The present study was designed 1) to determine which epoxygenase isoform may contribute to formation of EETs in mesenteric arteries and 2) to determine the(More)
Excess dietary salt intake differentially modulates the activity of cytochrome (CYP) P450 enzymes in kidney cortex. Exactly how increased angiotensin (Ang) II levels and hypertension change the regulatory effect of high salt on CYP450 enzymes remains unclear. The present study investigated the effects of combined administration of Ang II and a high-salt(More)
The incidence of essential hypertension increases with obesity; however, the mechanisms that link obesity with hypertension are unclear. Renal cytochrome P450 (CYP)-derived eicosanoids--hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs), epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), and dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs)--have been shown to play an important role in the(More)
Partial hepatectomy (PH) triggers a rapid regenerative response in the remaining tissue to reinstate the organ function and the cell numbers. Among the molecules that change in the course of regeneration is an accumulation of prostaglandin E2 in the sera of rats with PH. Analysis of the cyclooxygenase (COX) isoenzymes in the remnant liver showed the(More)
The cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes participate in a wide range of biochemical functions, including metabolism of arachidonic acid and steroid hormones. Mouse CYP2J5 is abundant in the kidney where its products, the cis-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), modulate sodium transport and vascular tone. To define the physiological role of CYP2J5 in the kidney,(More)
Endothelin B (ETB) receptor stimulation inhibits sodium transport in a similar fashion as 20-HETE. Clofibrate, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-alpha) agonist, increases protein expression of cytochrome P450 4A (CYP4A), which is responsible for 20-HETE synthesis in the kidney. Experiments were designed to determine whether clofibrate(More)
The current study was designed to determine whether angiotensin II infusion could lead to persistent salt-sensitive hypertension and to examine involvement of renal microvascular epoxygenases in this process. Six groups were studied: rats maintained on a normal salt diet for 4 weeks (NS); rats maintained on a high salt diet for 4 weeks (HS); and all other(More)
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition leads to increased levels of bradykinin, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and renin. Since bradykinin stimulates prostaglandin release, renin synthesis may be regulated through a kinin-COX-2 pathway. To test this hypothesis, we examined the impact of bradykinin B2 receptor (B2R) gene disruption in mice on kidney COX-2(More)
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