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Genome-wide interaction-based association (GWIBA) analysis has the potential to identify novel susceptibility loci. These interaction effects could be missed with the prevailing approaches in genome-wide association studies (GWAS). However, no convincing loci have been discovered exclusively from GWIBA methods, and the intensive computation involved is a(More)
—Depth image super-resolution is an extremely challenging task due to the information loss in sub-sampling. Deep convolutional neural network have been widely applied to color image super-resolution. Quite surprisingly, this success has not been matched to depth super-resolution. This is mainly due to the inherent difference between color and depth images.(More)
Although camera self-calibration and metric reconstruction have been extensively studied during the past decades, automatic metric reconstruction from long video sequences with varying focal length is still very challenging. Several critical issues in practical implementations are not adequately addressed. For example, how to select the initial frames for(More)
BACKGROUND To estimate the impact of population-wide and high-risk blood pressure-lowering strategies on cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence in China. DESIGN A modelling study based on a community cohort of 30 362 men and women aged 35-74 years in urban Shanghai, China, 3.3% of whom have existing CVD. METHODS We modelled three blood pressure-lowering(More)
This paper presents a novel approach to stabilize video sequences based on a 3D perspective camera model. Compared to previous methods which are based on simplified models, our stabilization system can work in situations where significant depth variations exist in the scenes and the camera undergoes large translational movement. We formulate the(More)
Illumination consistency is important for photorealistic rendering of mixed reality. However, it is usually difficult to acquire illumination conditions of natural environments. In this paper, we propose a novel method for evaluating the light conditions of a static outdoor scene without knowing its geometry, material, or texture. In our method, we separate(More)
We propose a novel method, based on the two-pass Z-buffer algorithm, to calculate shadows with sufficient precision and efficiency for rendering a daytime landscape with solar penumbrae. The special feature of the proposed method is that the shadows can be preserved with a precision superior to that of any visible surface. We use the optimal number of(More)
Existing video object cutout systems can only deal with limited cases. They usually require detailed user interactions to segment real-life videos, which often suffer from both inseparable statistics (similar appearance between foreground and background) and temporal discontinuities (e.g. large movements, newly-exposed regions following disocclusion or(More)
Aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometry (ATOFMS) measurements provide continuous information on the aerodynamic size and chemical composition of individual particles. In this work, we compare two approaches for converting unscaled ATOFMS measurements into quantitative particle mass concentrations using (1) reference mass concentrations from a co-located(More)