Xuexia Jia

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Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-I-(7-36) are probably the most important "incretins," but there is controversy as to their relative insulinotropic activities. The effects of natural (np) and synthetic porcine (sp) GIP, synthetic human (sh) GIP, and GLP-I-(7-36) on insulin secretion from the perfused rat(More)
In previous studies on the enteroinsular axis in Zucker rats, it was found that glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) levels were normal in obese animals, but the glucose threshold for the insulinotropic action of GIP in the perfused rat pancreas was reduced. Glucagon-like peptide I (GLP-I)(7-36) is also an important incretin, and in the(More)
Previous studies on the isolated perfused stomach have shown that gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1(7-36) amide (GLP-1(7-36) amide) stimulate release of somatostatin (somatostatin-like immunoreactivity, SLI). GIP produced a paradoxical increase in gastrin secretion, whereas GLP-1(7-36) was inhibitory. In the current study, the(More)
The opioid peptides are potent inhibitors of gastric somatostatin-like immunoreactivity (SLI) secretion from the isolated perfused rat stomach. In addition, inhibition of SLI secretion induced by vagal stimulation is partially blocked by naloxone, indicating that endogenously released opioid peptides probably play a physiological role in the regulation of(More)
This study was conducted to examine the effects of copper on membrane potential and cytosolic free calcium in isolated primary chicken hepatocytes which were exposed to different concentration of Cu2+ (0, 10, 50, 100 μM) or a mixture of Cu2+ and vitamin C (50 and 50 μM, respectively). Viability, membrane potential, and cytosolic free Ca2+ of monolayer(More)
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