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The proteasome inhibitor PS-341 inhibits IkappaB degradation, prevents NF-kappaB activation, and induces apoptosis in several types of cancer cells, including chemoresistant multiple myeloma (MM) cells. PS-341 has marked clinical activity even in the setting of relapsed refractory MM. However, PS-341-induced apoptotic cascade(s) are not yet fully defined.(More)
PURPOSE To address the progression, metastasis, and clinical heterogeneity of renal cell cancer (RCC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Transcriptional profiling with oligonucleotide microarrays (22,283 genes) was done on 49 RCC tumors, 20 non-RCC renal tumors, and 23 normal kidney samples. Samples were clustered based on gene expression profiles and specific gene(More)
The proteasome inhibitor PS-341 inhibits nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation, induces apoptosis in cancer cells, including multiple myeloma (MM) cells, and has marked clinical activity as a monotherapy for MM. In this study, we found that subtoxic concentrations of PS-341 potently sensitized MM cell lines and patient cells to DNA-damaging(More)
The epithelium-specific Ets transcription factor, PDEF, plays a role in prostate and breast cancer, although its precise function has not been established. In prostate cancer, PDEF is involved in regulating prostate-specific antigen expression via interaction with the androgen receptor and NKX3.1, and down-regulation of PDEF by antiproliferative agents has(More)
The NF-kappaB/IkappaB signaling pathway is a critical regulator of cell survival in cancer. Here, we report that combined down-regulation of growth arrest- and DNA-damage-inducible proteins (GADD)45alpha and gamma expression by NF-kappaB is an essential step for various cancer types to escape programmed cell death. We demonstrate that inhibition of(More)
PURPOSE Currently available clinical and molecular prognostic factors provide an imperfect assessment of prognosis for patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). In this study, we investigated whether tumor transcription profiling could be used as a prognostic tool in this disease. METHODS Tumor tissue from 68 patients was profiled with(More)
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) affect cell growth at the transcriptional level by regulating the acetylation status of nucleosomal histones. HDAC inhibition induces differentiation and/or apoptosis in transformed cells. We recently showed that HDAC inhibitors, such as suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), potently induce apoptosis of human multiple myeloma(More)
VEGF dependent angiogenesis is required for normal bone development and has been implicated in cancer metastasis to bone. These processes, while dependent on osteoclastic bone resorption, are reportedly mediated by endothelial cells, stromal osteoblasts, chondrocytes, and/or tumor cells. We demonstrate here that VEGF treatment of purified murine bone marrow(More)
Knockdown of the transcription factor PU.1 (encoded by Sfpi1) leads to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in mice. We examined the transcriptome of preleukemic hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in which PU.1 was knocked down (referred to as 'PU.1-knockdown HSCs') to identify transcriptional changes preceding malignant transformation. Transcription factors c-Jun and(More)
We show that multiple myeloma (MM), the second most commonly diagnosed hematologic malignancy, is responsive to hsp90 inhibitors in vitro and in a clinically relevant orthotopic in vivo model, even though this disease does not depend on HER2/neu, bcr/abl, androgen or estrogen receptors, or other hsp90 chaperoning clients which are hallmarks of tumor types(More)