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Blueberries are rich in anthocyanins (ACNs), which have recently been noted to protect against atherosclerosis development in mice. Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C3G), a member of blueberry ACN family, can inhibit the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-induced proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). However, the effects of C3G on VSMC apoptosis and(More)
Race 3, biovar 2 strains of Ralstonia solanacearum are quarantined pathogens in Europe and Canada and Select Agent pathogens in the United States. The biovar classification of R. solanacearum strains is based on their biochemical abilities to utilize a carbohydrate panel. The standard biovar test uses bromothymol blue as a pH indicator in 15 ml culture(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis is a complex syndrome with high mortality, which often induces acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C3G), the most active anthocyanin in the blueberry extracts, has been demonstrated to have pulmonary protective effects in some ALI models. This study aims to evaluate the potential(More)
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