Xuerong Miao

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BACKGROUND Peripheral nerve injury leads to changes in gene expression in primary sensory neurons of the injured dorsal root ganglia. These changes are believed to be involved in neuropathic pain genesis. Previously, these changes have been identified using gene microarrays or next generation RNA sequencing with poly-A tail selection, but these approaches(More)
OBJECTIVE To construct a transgene expressing human endomorphin-2 by linking the signal peptide of mouse nerve growth factor (PN) to a human endomorphin-2 DNA sequence containing a short linker recognized by the protease FURIN and test the analgesic effect of endomorphin-2 on neuropathic pain. METHODS The transgene was inserted into the cosmid pAxCAwt to(More)
We investigated the mechanism underlying inhibition of spinal dorsal horn GABAergic neurotransmission to elucidate the role of protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR2). Initially, we confirmed that PAR2 agonist SL-NH(2) applied intrathecally produced mechanical hyperalgesia. Then we performed patch-clamp experiments in substantia gelatinosa neurons of spinal(More)
The gate control theory (GCT) of pain proposes that pain- and touch-sensing neurons antagonize each other through spinal cord dorsal horn (DH) gating neurons. However, the exact neural circuits underlying the GCT remain largely elusive. Here, we identified a new population of deep layer DH (dDH) inhibitory interneurons that express the receptor tyrosine(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study was to investigate the feasibility of adenovirus-mediated small interference RNA (siRNA) targeting Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) gene in ameliorating lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced acute lung injury (ALI). METHODS In vitro, alveolar macrophages (AMs) were treated with Ad-siTLR4 and Ad-EFGP, respectively, for 12 h, 24 h, and(More)
Nerve injury-induced downregulation of voltage-gated potassium channel subunit Kcna2 in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) is critical for DRG neuronal excitability and neuropathic pain genesis. However, how nerve injury causes this downregulation is still elusive. Euchromatic histone-lysine N-methyltransferase 2, also known as G9a, methylates histone H3 on(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral nerve injury-induced gene alterations in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and spinal cord likely participate in neuropathic pain genesis. Histone methylation gates gene expression. Whether the suppressor of variegation 3-9 homolog 1 (SUV39H1), a histone methyltransferase, contributes to nerve injury-induced nociceptive hypersensitivity(More)
BACKGROUND Neuropathic pain remains a prevalent and persistent clinical problem due to incomplete understanding of its pathogenesis. OBJECTIVE The present study aimed to investigate the role of caspase-3 in the neuropathic pain in rats with chronic constriction injury (CCI). METHODS SD rats were randomly assigned four groups (n=18 per group): sham(More)
Peripheral nerve injury increased the expression of the DNA methyltransferase 3A (Dnmt3a) mRNA and its encoding Dnmt3a protein in injured dorsal root ganglia (DRG). This increase is considered as an endogenous instigator in neuropathic pain genesis through epigenetic silencing of pain-associated genes (such as Oprm1) in injured DRG. However, how DRG DNMT3a(More)
Neural plasticity within the spinal nociceptive network may be fundamental to the chronic nature of neuropathic pain. The relation of growth-associated protein-43 (GAP-43), a protein involved in the nerve fiber growth and sprouting, to pain hypersensitivity has been investigated. Glial activation and inflammatory cytokines released by microglia and(More)
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