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A previously established improved two-phase reaction system has been applied to analyze the substrate specificities and polymerization activities of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthases. We first analyzed the substrate specificity of propionate coenzyme A (CoA) transferase and found that 2-hydroxybutyrate (2HB) was converted into its CoA derivative. Then,(More)
Recently, we succeeded in isolating a thermotolerant bacterium, Pseudomonas sp. SG4502, which is capable of accumulating polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) even at 55 °C, as a source of thermostable enzymes. In this study, we cloned a pha locus from the bacterium and identified two genes encoding PHA synthases (PhaC1SG and PhaC2SG). Two mutations, Ser324Thr and(More)
In our previous paper, we synthesized poly-3-hydroxybutyrate [P(3HB)] by using the water-organic solvent two-phase reaction system (TPRS), in which thiophenyl (R)-3-hydroxybutyrate [(R)-3HBTP] was used as a precursor of 3HBCoA. We have developed an improved TPRS for the chemo-enzymatic synthesis of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA). In this method, acetyl(More)
FtsZ is a prokaryotic homolog of tubulin and is a key molecule in bacterial cell division. FtsZ with bound GTP polymerizes into tubulin-like protofilaments. Upon polymerization, the T7 loop of one subunit is inserted into the nucleotide-binding pocket of the second subunit, which results in GTP hydrolysis. Thus, the T7 loop is important for both(More)
Total syntheses of kalkitoxin, isolated from the Caribbean Lyngbya majuscula, and its analogues, 3-epi-, 7-epi-, 8-epi-, 10-epi-, 10-nor-, and 16-nor-kalkitoxin, were achieved via oxazolidinone-based diastereoselective 1,4-addition reaction of a methyl group and efficient TiCl(4)-mediated thiazoline ring formation as the key steps. The biological activities(More)
We successfully isolated one microorganism (UMI-21) from Ulva, a green algae that contains starch. The strain UMI-21 can produce polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) from starch, maltotriose, or maltose as a sole carbon source. Taxonomic studies and 16S rDNA sequence analysis revealed that strain UMI-21 was phylogenetically related to species of the genus Massilia.(More)
Thermostable enzymes are required for the rapid and sustainable production of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) in vitro. The in vitro synthesis of PHA using the engineered thermostable synthase PhaC1SG(STQK) has been reported; however, the non-thermostable enzymes acetyl-CoA synthetase (ACS) and CoA transferase (CT) from mesophilic strains were used as(More)
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