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BACKGROUND Tropane alkaloids (TA) including anisodamine, anisodine, hyoscyamine and scopolamine are a group of important anticholinergic drugs with rapidly increasing market demand, so it is significant to improve TA production by biotechnological approaches. Putrescine N-methyltransferase (PMT) was considered as the first rate-limiting upstream enzyme(More)
Artemisinin is a sesquiterpenoid especially synthesized in the Chinese herbal plant, Artemisia annua, which is widely used in the treatment of malaria. Artemisinin accumulation can be enhanced by exogenous abscisic acid (ABA) treatment. However, it is not known how ABA signaling regulates artemisinin biosynthesis. A global expression profile and(More)
Artemisinin is widely used as an antimalarial drug around the world. Artemisinic aldehyde Δ11(13) reductase (DBR2) is a key enzyme which reduces artemisinic aldehyde to dihydroartemisinic aldehyde in the biosynthesis of artemisinin. In this study, two fragments encompassing a putative promoter of DBR2, designated as DBR2pro1 and DBR2pro2, were isolated(More)
Artemisinin, the endoperoxide sesquiterpene lactone, is an effective antimalarial drug isolated from the Chinese medicinal plant Artemisia annua L. Due to its effectiveness against multi-drug-resistant cerebral malaria, it becomes the essential components of the artemisinin-based combination therapies which are recommended by the World Health Organization(More)
Hyoscyamine 6β-hydroxylase (H6H; EC converts hyoscyamine to scopolamine in the last step of scopolamine biosynthetic pathway. The gene encoding H6H in Anisodus acutangulus was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli and the recombinant proteins fused with His-tag or GST-tag at its N-terminal were purified and then confirmed by Western bolt(More)
Epidemiological studies have shown that regular consumption of fruits and vegetables is associated with reduced risk of chronic diseases. Vegetables can provide vitamins, phenolics, flavonoids, minerals and dietary fibers for optimal health benefits. However, some nutrients contained in many fruits and vegetables cannot meet of the complete nutrition need(More)
The four tropane alkaloids have played a pivotal role in controlling diseases such as the toxic and septic shock, the organophosphorus poison and the acute lung injury. Here, the elicitation effect of different elicitors on the production of tropane alkaloids and the molecular mechanism of enzyme genes in the pathway was firstly demonstrated in hairy roots(More)
Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) is the key enzyme in the biosynthetic pathway of salicylic acid (SA). In this study, a full-length cDNA of PAL gene (named as AaPAL1) was cloned from Artemisia annua. The gene contains an open reading frame of 2,151 bps encoding 716 amino acids. Comparative and bioinformatics analysis revealed that the polypeptide protein(More)
Amorpha-4,11-diene synthase (ADS) is the first key enzyme of artemisinin biosynthetic pathway in Artemisia annua L. In this study, the promoter region of the ADS gene has been cloned and used to demonstrate the expression of GUS reporter gene in both glandular trichomes of A. annua and non-glandular trichomes of Arabidopsis thaliana following homologous and(More)
Jasmonates (JAs) are important signaling molecules in plants and play crucial roles in stress responses, secondary metabolites' regulation, plant growth and development. In this study, the promoter of AaAOC, which was the key gene of jasmonate biosynthetic pathway, had been cloned. GUS staining showed that AaAOC was expressed ubiquitiously in A. annua.(More)