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Artemisinin is widely used as an antimalarial drug around the world. Artemisinic aldehyde Δ11(13) reductase (DBR2) is a key enzyme which reduces artemisinic aldehyde to dihydroartemisinic aldehyde in the biosynthesis of artemisinin. In this study, two fragments encompassing a putative promoter of DBR2, designated as DBR2pro1 and DBR2pro2, were isolated(More)
BACKGROUND Tropane alkaloids (TA) including anisodamine, anisodine, hyoscyamine and scopolamine are a group of important anticholinergic drugs with rapidly increasing market demand, so it is significant to improve TA production by biotechnological approaches. Putrescine N-methyltransferase (PMT) was considered as the first rate-limiting upstream enzyme(More)
Hyoscyamine 6β-hydroxylase (H6H; EC 1.14.11.11) converts hyoscyamine to scopolamine in the last step of scopolamine biosynthetic pathway. The gene encoding H6H in Anisodus acutangulus was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli and the recombinant proteins fused with His-tag or GST-tag at its N-terminal were purified and then confirmed by Western bolt(More)
Epidemiological studies have shown that regular consumption of fruits and vegetables is associated with reduced risk of chronic diseases. Vegetables can provide vitamins, phenolics, flavonoids, minerals and dietary fibers for optimal health benefits. However, some nutrients contained in many fruits and vegetables cannot meet of the complete nutrition need(More)
Artemisinin is a sesquiterpenoid especially synthesized in the Chinese herbal plant, Artemisia annua, which is widely used in the treatment of malaria. Artemisinin accumulation can be enhanced by exogenous abscisic acid (ABA) treatment. However, it is not known how ABA signaling regulates artemisinin biosynthesis. A global expression profile and(More)
The four tropane alkaloids have played a pivotal role in controlling diseases such as the toxic and septic shock, the organophosphorus poison and the acute lung injury. Here, the elicitation effect of different elicitors on the production of tropane alkaloids and the molecular mechanism of enzyme genes in the pathway was firstly demonstrated in hairy roots(More)
Jasmonates (JAs) are important signaling molecules in plants and play crucial roles in stress responses, secondary metabolites' regulation, plant growth and development. In this study, the promoter of AaAOC, which was the key gene of jasmonate biosynthetic pathway, had been cloned. GUS staining showed that AaAOC was expressed ubiquitiously in A. annua.(More)
Artemisinin, the endoperoxide sesquiterpene lactone, is an effective antimalarial drug isolated from the Chinese medicinal plant Artemisia annua L. Due to its effectiveness against multi-drug-resistant cerebral malaria, it becomes the essential components of the artemisinin-based combination therapies which are recommended by the World Health Organization(More)
The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) plays an important role in plant development and environmental stress response. Additionally, ABA also regulates secondary metabolism such as artemisinin in the medicinal plant Artemisia annua L. Although an earlier study showed that ABA receptor, AaPYL9, plays a positive role in ABA-induced artemisinin content(More)
Artemisinin is a frequently used anti-malaria drug extracted from glandular trichomes (GSTs) in Artemisia annua L. In this study, we report on the characterization of the promoter of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) involved in the biosynthesis of artemisinin. A 1620-bp promoter fragment was cloned upstream of the ALDH1 start codon. Putative regulatory(More)