Learn More
The cyclin D1 gene encodes a regulatory subunit of the holoenzyme that phosphorylates and inactivates the pRb tumor suppressor to promote nuclear DNA synthesis. cyclin D1 is overexpressed in human breast cancers and is sufficient for the development of murine mammary tumors. Herein, cyclin D1 is shown to perform a novel function, inhibiting mitochondrial(More)
Vimentin exhibits a complex pattern of developmental- and tissue-specific expression. Since it is aberrantly expressed in metastatic tumors, which have progressed through the epithelial-mesenchymal transition, it has been cited as a marker for tumor progression. Previous studies have indicated that the transcription factor activator protein (AP1) is(More)
Cyclin D1 is overexpressed in human tumors, correlating with cellular metastasis, and is induced by activating Rho GTPases. Herein, cyclin D1-deficient mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) exhibited increased adhesion and decreased motility compared with wild-type MEFs. Retroviral transduction of cyclin D1 reversed these phenotypes. Mutational analysis of cyclin(More)
The cyclin D1 gene encodes the labile serum-inducible regulatory subunit of a holoenzyme that phosphorylates and inactivates the retinoblastoma protein. Overexpression of cyclin D1 promotes cellular proliferation and normal physiological levels of cyclin D1 function to inhibit adipocyte differentiation in vivo. We have previously shown that cyclin D1(More)
Cold is a common stressor that is likely to occur in everyday occupational or leisure time activities. Although there is substantial literature on the effects of stress on memory from behavioral and pharmacologic perspectives, the effects of cold stress on learning and memory were little addressed. The aims of the present work were to investigate the(More)
Post-translational modification of chromatin histones governs a key mechanism of transcriptional regulation. Histone acetylation, together with methylation, phosphorylation, ubiquitylation, sumoylation, glycosylation, and ADP ribosylation, modulate the activity of many genes by modifying both core histones and non-histone transcription factors. Epigenetic(More)
Heritable and reversible changes in gene expression can occur without alterations in DNA sequence largely dependent upon the position of a gene within an accessible (euchromatic) chromatin environment. This position effect variegation in Drosophila and S. pombe, and higher order chromatin structure regulation in yeast, is orchestrated by modifier genes of(More)
In lung cancers the Notch signaling may function as an oncogene or a tumor suppressor depending on the tumor cell types. In this study we examined the expression of Notch receptors in the human lung adenocarcinoma cell lines A549 and SPC-A-1. We over-expressed the active form of Notch1 (NIC) in A549 cells by constitutive transfection to evaluate the effects(More)
MicroRNAs (miRs) are a novel class of RNAs with important roles in regulating gene expression. To identify miRs controlling prostate tumor progression, we utilized unique human prostate sublines derived from the parental P69 cell line, which differ in their tumorigenic properties in vivo. Grown embedded in laminin-rich extracellular matrix (lrECM) gels(More)