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Response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to optimize medium composition for the production of a thermostable xylanase from T. lanuginosus SDYKY-1 using economical carbon and nitrogen sources (soybean meal and corncobs, respectively). Plackett-Burman (P-B) design was applied to evaluate the effects of nine variables (powdered corncobs, soybean meal,(More)
In order to alleviate oxygen limitation and improve the yield of poly-gamma-glutamic acid (gamma-PGA) during fermentation, the Vitreoscilla hemoglobin gene (vgb) was integrated into the chromosome of Bacillus subtilis and expressed during gamma-PGA production. The activity of the expressed Vitreoscilla hemoglobin (VHb) was confirmed by CO-difference(More)
Hyaluronidases are a family of enzymes that degrade hyaluronic acid (hyaluronan, HA) and widely used in many fields. A hyaluronidase producing bacteria strain was screened from the air. 16S ribosomal DNA (16S rDNA) analysis indicated that the strain belonged to the genus Bacillus, and the strain was named as Bacillus sp. A50. This is the first report of a(More)
The occurrence and distribution of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs) and finished water are not well understood, and even less is known about the contribution of each treatment process to resistance gene reduction. The prevalence of ten commonly detected sulfonamide and tetracycline resistance genes, namely, sul(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the cytotoxicities and efficacy of hyaluronan (HA), carbomer, and sodium alginate on repairing thermal-injured cells and promoting cell migration. DESIGN The 3-(4,5)-dimethylthiahiazo(-z-y1)-3,5-di-phenytetra-zoliumromide method was used to evaluate the cytotoxicities of HA, carbomer, and sodium alginate on L929 mouse fibroblasts and(More)
As the interaction of hyaluronan (HA) with its receptor CD44 contributes to multidrug resistance (MDR) of tumor cells, HA oligosaccharides (o-HAs), as HA antagonists, may be useful to reverse the MDR. The objective of this study was to investigate the reversal effects of four o-HAs, including 4 saccharide residue (o-HA4), 6 saccharide residue (o-HA6), 8(More)
AIMS Oligosaccharides of hyaluronan (o-HAs) were proved to have pro-angiogenic activities. The aim of this study was to obtain four hyaluronan oligosaccharides (o-HAs) of defined molecular weight including 4 saccharide residues (o-HA4), 6 saccharide residues (o-HA6), 8 saccharide residues (o-HA8), and 10 saccharide residues (o-HA10) under optimum(More)
Enantioseparation of naproxen was performed on an immobilized polysaccharide-based chiral stationary phase (CSP), Chiralpak IA, in the normal-phase mode. The effects of polar alcohol modifier in mobile phase and column temperature on retention, enantioseparation, and elution order were investigated. Two unusual phenomena were observed. One was(More)
This review summarizes important publications from 2015 pertaining to the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the environment. Emphasis is placed on sources of antibiotic resistance in the aquatic environment including wastewater treatment plants, hospitals, and agriculture, treatment and mitigation techniques, and surveillance and analysis(More)