Learn More
Antimicrobial peptides are major components of host innate immunity, a well-conserved, evolutionarily ancient defensive mechanism. Infectious disease-bearing vector ticks are thought to possess specific defense molecules against the transmitted pathogens that have been acquired during their evolution. We found in the tick Haemaphysalis longicornis a novel(More)
Neospora caninum infection is the major cause of bovine abortion. To develop a vaccine against N. caninum infection, recombinant vaccinia viruses carrying NcSRS2 and NcSAG1 genes (vv/Nc-p43 and vv/Nc-p36, respectively) were constructed and were tested in a mouse model. Vaccination of dams with vv/Nc-p43 appeared to confer effective protection against(More)
Theileria orientalis is a benign bovine protozoan parasite that occasionally causes serious economic loss in the livestock industry. We report the findings of a molecular epidemiological survey of T. orientalis in 94 Vietnamese yellow cattle, 43 water buffaloes, 21 sheep, 21 goats and 85 blood-sucking ticks of cattle in the Thua Thien Hue province of(More)
A cDNA expression library prepared from Babesia gibsoni merozoite mRNA was screened with B. gibsoni-infected dog serum. cDNA encoding a 50-kDa protein was cloned and designated the P50 gene. The complete nucleotide sequence of the P50 gene was 1,922 bp. Computer analysis suggested that the sequence of the P50 gene contained an open reading frame of 1,401 bp(More)
The cross-reactive antigens of Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii are important in the exploration to determine the common mechanisms of parasite-host interaction. In this study, a gene encoding N. caninum apical membrane antigen 1 (NcAMA1) was identified by immunoscreening of a N. caninum tachyzoite cDNA expression library with antisera from mice(More)
Numerous studies have supported the importance of immunity to SAG1, the most predominant antigen of Toxoplasma tachyzoite, in protection against Toxoplasma gondii infection. Nevertheless, vaccination with SAGI provides insufficient protection when compared with that of Toxoplasma lysate (TL). In order to screen the Toxoplasma antigens for immunogenic(More)
In view of the worldwide importance of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum and the limited data on the seroprevalence of these parasites in Egypt, this study aimed to estimate the prevalence of anti-T. gondii and anti-N. caninum antibodies in rabbits, cattle, and humans. We used ELISA methods based on surface antigen 2 of T. gondii (TgSAG2t) and surface(More)
We developed a TaqMan real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the quantitative detection of Theileria equi from the in vitro-cultured parasite and field blood samples collected from horses living in Ghana and Brazil. The detection limit for the assay was determined to be 1.5 parasites/microl per sample, and the quantitative capacity was(More)
The recombinant vaccinia viruses expressing the surface protein of Neospora caninum tachyzoite, NcSAG1 or NcSRS2, were constructed. The vaccination with these recombinant viruses could protect effectively the parasite invasion in a mouse model system. The vaccine efficacy of NcSRS2 was higher than that of NcSAG1. The present study indicated that a high(More)
Serum samples from horses in the States of Sao Paulo and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil were examined for diagnosis of equine piroplasmosis by both the latex agglutination test (LAT) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with recombinant antigens. Of the 47 samples analyzed, 38 (81%) and 42 (90%) samples were positive for B. equi infection and B.(More)