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Soil organic C (SOC) content can increase by managing land use practices in which the rates of organic C input exceed those of organic C mineralization. Understanding the changes in SOC content of Black soils (mainly Typic Halpudoll) in northeast China is necessary for sustainable using of soil resources there. We used the RothC model to estimate SOC levels(More)
Soil degradation through erosion and desertification reduces soil productivity, and is a serious problem in agricultural production of China. To avert our arable land from further degradation, soil management must be shifted from degrading tillage to conservation practices. Over viewing the technology used in the 20th century for controlling soil(More)
To assess the effects of atmospheric N deposition on the C budget of an alpine meadow ecosystem on the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau, it is necessary to explore the responses of soil-atmosphere carbon dioxide (CO2) exchange to N addition. Based on a multi-form, low-level N addition experiment, soil CO2 effluxes were monitored weekly using the static chamber and(More)
Soil microorganisms are of great importance to agroecosystem function and sustainability through their contributions to the decomposition and dynamics of soil organic matter (SOM) and biogeochemical cycling of soil nutrients (Paul and Clark, 1989), all of which are fairly related to soil management practices which alter soil environment and affect soil(More)
Simulation models are being regarded as an important tool to simulate crop growth, soil nutrient dynamics and soil carbon sequestration and fast use of the embedded knowledge of crop-soil processes. The Decision Support Systems for Agrotechnology Transfer (DSSAT) model was used to simulate long-term continuous maize growth from 1990 to 2007 in Gongzhuling,(More)
Soil types have traditionally been determined by soil physical and chemical properties, diagnostic horizons and pedogenic processes based on a given classification system. This is a laborious and time consuming process. Near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy can comprehensively characterize soil properties, and may provide a viable alternative method for soil(More)
We test the common assumption that organic carbon (OC) storage occurs on sand-sized soil particles only after the OC storage capacity on silt- and clay-sized particles is saturated. Soil samples from a Brookston clay loam in Southwestern Ontario were analysed for the OC concentrations in bulk soil, and on the clay (<2 μm), silt (2-53 μm) and sand (53-2000(More)
Sensitivity analysis of DSSAT outputs to inputs parameters was conducted in two Canadian locations: one for spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the semi-arid Prairies in Swift Current, Saskatchewan and the second for maize (Zea mays L.) under humid conditions in Woodslee, Ontario. The nominal range sensitivity method, regression, and graphical analysis(More)