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2,2',4,4'-Tetrabromodiphenyl ether (PBDE-47) causes developmental neurotoxicity in animal studies, but the mechanism remains poorly understood. This paper investigates the mechanism by studying the effects of oxidative stress, DNA damage, and apoptosis induced by PBDE-47 in cultured primary rat hippocampal neurons at different PBDE-47-concentrations (0,(More)
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are an important class of flame retardants. Because of their detection in human breast milk and structural similarity to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), concern has been raised about their potential toxicity, particularly neurotoxic effects in newborns and children. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the(More)
The mechanisms underlying the neurotoxicity of endemic fluorosis still remain unknown. To investigate the expression level of neural cell adhesion molecules (NCAM), oxidative stress, and apoptosis induced by fluoride, the primary rat hippocampal neurons were incubated with 20, 40, and 80 mg/l sodium fluoride for 24 h in vitro. The results showed that the(More)
In this study, we recruited 49 subjects from one village close to an electronic waste (e-waste) site (exposed group) and another located 50 km away from the e-waste site (control group). We found that serum levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (median PBDEs, 382 ng/g lipid weight; range, 77-8452 ng/g lipid weight) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (median(More)
We studied the relationship between 2,2,4,4-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (PBDE-47) and oxidative DNA damage as well as the mode of interaction between PBDE-47 and 2,2,4,4,5,5-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB153) by incubating SH-SY5Y cells in four doses of PBDE-47 (0, 1, 5, 10 microM) and/or 5 microM PCB153 and 100 microM NAC (N-acetylcysteine) for 24 h. Results showed(More)
Data aggregation can significantly reduce the amount of data transmitted to the base station, therefore improve the energy efficiency and prolong the wireless network lifetime. However the sensor nodes may be deployed in remote and hostile environments where attackers may inject false information or forge aggregation values without being detected. Thus,(More)
Although a dose-effect relationship between water fluoride levels and damage to liver and kidney functions in animals has been reported, it was not demonstrated in humans. To evaluate the effects of drinking water fluoride levels on the liver and kidney functions in children with and without dental fluorosis, we identified 210 children who were divided into(More)
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are widespread environmental contaminants. There are potential interactive effects between PBDEs and PCBs, as these compounds share similar structures. The developmental neurotoxicity of 2, 2', 4, 4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (PBDE-47) and the interaction of PBDE-47 with 2, 2', 4,(More)
To study interaction and dose-related effects of mixed cypermethrin and methyl parathion on endocrine and immune functions, 120 Wistar rats were divided randomly into six groups of ten male and ten female rats, respectively, at the age of 2 months. All groups were force-fed every 2 days for 30 days with cypermethrin 0.0, 8.0, 0.0, 8.0, 1.8, 0.4 mg/kg bw and(More)
Changes of bacterial and fungal community during vermicomposting of vegetable wastes by hatchling, juvenile and adult Eisenia foetida were investigated through analysis of the extracted bacterial 16S rDNA and fungal 18S rDNA with quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR), denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and sequencing. After 60days of(More)