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Thrombin-binding aptamer (TBA) with the sequence 5'GGTTGGTGTGGTTGG3' could fold into G-quadruplex, which correlates with functionally important genomic regionsis. However, unfolding mechanism involved in the structural stability of G-quadruplex has not been satisfactorily elucidated on experiments so far. Herein, we studied the unfolding pathway of TBA by a(More)
In this study, we focus on different types of Gram-negative bacterial secreted proteins, and try to analyze the relationships and differences among them. Through an extensive literature search, 1612 secreted proteins have been collected as a standard data set from three data sources, including Swiss-Prot, TrEMBL and RefSeq. To explore the relationships(More)
Signal peptides play a crucial role in various biological processes, such as localization of cell surface receptors, translocation of secreted proteins and cell-cell communication. However, the amino acid mutation in signal peptides, also called non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs or SAPs) may lead to the loss of their functions. In the(More)
BACKGROUND Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) are crucial for almost all cellular processes, including metabolic cycles, DNA transcription and replication, and signaling cascades. Given the importance of PPIs, several methods have been developed to detect them. Since the experimental methods are time-consuming and expensive, developing computational(More)
BACKGROUND Type III secretion systems (T3SSs) are central to the pathogenesis and specifically deliver their secreted substrates (type III secreted proteins, T3SPs) into host cells. Since T3SPs play a crucial role in pathogen-host interactions, identifying them is crucial to our understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms of T3SSs. This study reports a novel(More)
The assessment of binding affinity between ligands and the target proteins plays an essential role in drug discovery and design process. As an alternative to widely used scoring approaches, machine learning methods have also been proposed for fast prediction of the binding affinity with promising results, but most of them were developed as all-purpose(More)
The use of enzymes in nonaqueous solvent has been one of the most exciting facets of enzymology in recent times; however, the mechanism of how organic solvent and essential water influence on structure and function of enzyme has been not satisfactorily explained in experiments, which limit its further application. Herein, we used molecular dynamics (MD)(More)
Flavin mono-nucleotide (FMN) closely evolves in many biological processes. In this study, a computational method was proposed to identify FMN binding sites based on amino acid sequences of proteins only. A modified Position Specific Score Matrix was used to characterize the local environmental sequence information, and a visible improvement of performance(More)
In this work, we used molecular dynamic (MD) simulation to study trypsin with and without a six-amino-acid peptide bound in three different solvents (water, acetonitrile and hexane) in order to provide molecular information for well understanding the structure and function of enzymes in non-aqueous media. The results show that the enzyme is more compact and(More)
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are currently one of the largest families of drug targets. The constitutive activation induced by mutation of key GPCR residues is associated closely with various diseases. However, the structural basis underlying such activation and its role in drug binding has remained unclear. Herein, we used all-atom molecular(More)