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We present the analysis of the evolution of tumors in a case of hepatocellular carcinoma. This case is particularly informative about cancer growth dynamics and the underlying driving mutations. We sampled nine different sections from three tumors and seven more sections from the adjacent nontumor tissues. Selected sections were subjected to exon as well as(More)
Genealogical patterns in different genomic regions may be different due to the joint influence of gene flow and selection. The existence of two subspecies of cultivated rice provides a unique opportunity for analyzing these effects during domestication. We chose 66 accessions from the three rice taxa (about 22 each from Oryza sativa indica, O. sativa(More)
Cytophaga hutchinsonii is a Gram-negative aerobic soil bacterium which can digest crystalline cellulose completely through a strategy different from that of the well-studied cellulolytic aerobic fungi and anaerobic bacteria. However, despite the availability of a published genome sequence, studies on this organism have been very limited because of the lack(More)
Cytophaga hutchinsonii is an aerobic cellulolytic soil bacterium which was reported to use a novel contact-dependent strategy to degrade cellulose. It was speculated that cellooligosaccharides were transported into the periplasm for further digestion. In this study, we reported that most of the endoglucanase and -glucosidase activity was distributed on the(More)
UNLABELLED We introduce a new visual analytics tool named MapView to facilitate the representation of large-scale short reads alignment data and genetic variation analysis. MapView can handle hundreds of millions of short reads on a desktop computer with limited memory. It supports a compact alignment view for both single-end and paired end short reads,(More)
BACKGROUND Next-generation sequencing technologies provide exciting avenues for studies of transcriptomics and population genomics. There is an increasing need to conduct spliced and unspliced alignments of short transcript reads onto a reference genome and estimate minor allele frequency from sequences of population samples. RESULTS We have designed and(More)
A unique feature of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in humans is that viral clearance heavily depends on the age of exposure. However, the reason for this remains unclear. Here we show that gut microbiota contribute to the age dependence of HBV immunity in a hydrodynamic transfection mouse model. Although adult (12-wk-old) C3H/HeN mice cleared HBV within(More)
Cytophaga hutchinsonii is a widely distributed cellulolytic bacterium in the phylum Bacteroidetes. It can digest crystalline cellulose rapidly without free cellulases or cellulosomes. The mechanism of its cellulose utilization remains a mystery. We developed an efficient method based on a linear DNA double-crossover and FLP-FRT recombination system to(More)
Cytophaga hutchinsonii is a Gram-negative gliding bacterium, which can rapidly degrade crystalline cellulose via a novel strategy without any recognizable processive cellulases. Its mechanism of cellulose binding and degradation is still a mystery. In this study, the mutagenesis of C. hutchinsonii with the mariner-based transposon HimarEm3 and gene(More)
BACKGROUND In our previous study, a novel liver-targeting fusion interferon (IFN-CSP) combining IFN α2b with plasmodium region I peptide was successfully constructed. IFN-CSP has significant inhibition effects on HBV-DNA replication in HepG2.2.15 cells. The aim of the present investigation was focused on how to produce high levels of recombinant IFN-CSP and(More)