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The bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), a single-stranded RNA virus, can cause fatal diarrhea syndrome, respiratory problems, and reproductive disorders in herds. Over the past few years, it has become clear that the BVDV infection rates are increasing and it is likely that an effective vaccine for BVDV will be needed. In this study, transgenic Astragalus(More)
Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infections are endemic in cattle populations worldwide and cause major economic losses. Thus, an effective vaccine is needed against the transmission of BVDV. The glycoprotein Erns is one of the envelope proteins of this virus and shows BVDV-related immunogenicity. Here, we report the use of Panax ginseng as an alternative(More)
The Wireless Sensor Network technology has been used widely; however the limited energy resource is one of the bottlenecks for its application. To enhance the robustness and accuracy of the information which is obtained by the entire network, certain redundancy exists in the data collected from the sensor node and thus data fusion processing is needed to(More)
The scalability performance of the traditional evolutionary algorithms (EAs) deteriorates rapidly as the dimensionality of the optimization problems increases. Therefore, cooperative coevolutionary (CC) framework is proposed to overcome the defect. Different from existing CC algorithms, a novel self-adaptive based cooperative coevolutionary (SaCC) algorithm(More)