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The present study investigated the immunopathological effect of Echinococcus multilocularis (Em) using cytokine detection. Expression of the T‑helper (Th) 17‑cytokine, interleukin 17 (IL‑17), was observed using immunohistochemical staining, and levels of cytokines, including IL‑17, transforming growth factor β1 (TGF‑β1), IL‑6, interferon γ (IFN‑γ) and IL‑4,… (More)
To investigate the potential role of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 in liver fibrosis during Echinococcus granulosus infection, 96 BALB/c mice were randomly divided into 2 groups, experimental group infected by intraperitoneal injection with a metacestode suspension and control group given sterile physiological saline. The liver and blood samples were… (More)
A facile synthetic route of rivaroxaban has been developed. Using commercially available (R)-epichlorohydrin and bromobenzene as the starting materials, rivaroxaban was obtained in 39% overall yield using a Goldberg coupling as the key step. The synthetic route represents a convenient procedure for the production of rivaroxaban.
Echinococcosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease affecting humans and other mammals, which is mainly caused Echinococcus at larval stages. It is predominantly endemic in Chinese pasture regions, including Xinjiang, Qinghai, Gansu and Ningxia. The aim of the present study was to predict the T‑ and B‑combined epitopes of Echinococcus granulosus (Eg). ferritin,… (More)
Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) is a nonselective cation channel that interacts with several intracellular proteins in vivo, including calmodulin and Phosphatidylinositol-3-Kinase/Protein Kinase B (PI3K/Akt). TRPV1 activation has been reported to exert neuroprotective effects. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of cold stress… (More)
Herein we disclose the first example of Rh(iii)-catalyzed intermolecular annulation of indoles with terminal alkynes to give highly efficient one-pot access to privileged carbazoles. The mild reaction features moderate to good yields, exclusive regioselectivity, broad substrate scope, and excellent functional group tolerance.
Here we report a new and mild Rh(III)-catalyzed and alcohol-involved carbenoid C-H insertion into N-phenoxyacetamides using α-diazomalonates. This reaction provided a straightforward way for installing both an α-quaternary carbon center and a free-OH moiety into the phenyl ring, thus giving access to useful 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-2-alkoxymalonates with good… (More)
Here a new, mild and versatile method for one-pot cascade synthesis of diverse N-methoxyisoquinolinediones via Rh(III)-catalyzed regioselective carbenoid insertion C-H activation/cyclization of N-methoxybenzamides with α-diazotized Meldrum's acid has been achieved. Extension of the developed Rh(III) catalysis for building new analogs of the marketed drug… (More)