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Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) is a serine/threonine kinase, whose activity is inhibited by AKT phosphorylation. This inhibitory phosphorylation of GSK3β can in turn play a regulatory role through phosphorylation of several proteins (such as mTOR, elF2B) to promote protein synthesis. mTOR is a key regulator in protein synthesis and cell proliferation,(More)
Antiviral activity of natural killer (NK) cells is regulated partially through inhibitory and activating killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) interacting with human leukocyte antigen C (HLA-C) ligands. The highly polymorphic nature of HLA-C and KIR genes endows individuals with diverse HLA-C/KIR combinations, which may confer susceptibility to or(More)
Virus-induced signaling adapter (VISA), an important adaptor protein linking both RIG-I and MDA-5 to downstream signaling events, may mediates the activation of NF kappaB and IRFs and the induction of type I IFN. As the evidence has showed that Toll-like receptors (TLRs), I-IFN and IFN-inducible genes contribute to the pathogenesis of systemic lupus(More)
Thyroid hormone responsive spot 14 (THRSP, Spot14, S14) is a nuclear protein that regulates milk fat synthesis. To investigate the role of THRSP in lipogenesis in the dairy cow mammary gland, first, we examined the association between milk fat concentration and THRSP expression in the mammary gland. We found that the dairy cow mammary glands that produced(More)
Milk is important for human nutrition, and enhanced milk quality has become a major selection criterion for the genetic improvement of livestock. Epigenetic modifications have been shown to be involved in mammary gland development; but the mechanisms underlying their effects remain unknown. MicroRNAs are involved in the regulation of milk synthesis and in(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding, endogenous regulatory RNAs that function by controlling gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Using small RNA sequencing and qRT-PCR techniques, we found that the expression of miR-152 was significantly increased during lactation in the mammary glands of dairy cows producing high quality milk(More)
14-3-3γ, an isoform of the 14-3-3 protein family, was proved to be a positive regulator of mTOR pathway. Here, we analyzed the function of 14-3-3γ in protein synthesis using bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMECs). We found that 14-3-3γ interacted with eIF1AX and RPS7 by 14-3-3γ coimmunoprecipitation (CoIP) and matrix-assisted laser(More)
Pten is a tumor suppressor gene regulating many cellular processes, including growth, adhesion, and apoptosis. In the aim of investigating the role of Pten during mammary gland development and lactation of dairy cows, we analyzed Pten expression levels in the mammary glands of dairy cows by using western blotting, immunohistochemistry, and quantitative(More)
INTRODUCTION Wingless-type MMTV integration site family, member 10A (WNT10A) plays crucial roles in odontogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of WNT10A on human dental pulp cells (DPCs), which contain a mixed population of cells, including stem and progenitor cells, and participate in dentin repair or dentin-pulp regeneration. (More)
The role of LeuRS, an aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, as an intracellular l-leucine sensor for the mTORC1 pathway has been the subject of much research recently. Despite this, the association between LeuRS and lactation in dairy cow mammary epithelial cells (DCMECs) remains unknown. In this study, we found that LeuRS expression in mammary gland tissue was(More)