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Antiviral activity of natural killer (NK) cells is regulated partially through inhibitory and activating killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) interacting with human leukocyte antigen C (HLA-C) ligands. The highly polymorphic nature of HLA-C and KIR genes endows individuals with diverse HLA-C/KIR combinations, which may confer susceptibility to or(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) is a serine/threonine kinase, whose activity is inhibited by AKT phosphorylation. This inhibitory phosphorylation of GSK3β can in turn play a regulatory role through phosphorylation of several proteins (such as mTOR, elF2B) to promote protein synthesis. mTOR is a key regulator in protein synthesis and cell proliferation,(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by the formation of immune complexes (ICs), which contain a complex mixture of autoantigens nucleic acids, nucleic acids-associated proteins and corresponding autoantibodies. In SLE, ICs are deposited in multiple organs. Vasculopathy and vasculitis in SLE are typical complications and(More)
Virus-induced signaling adapter (VISA), an important adaptor protein linking both RIG-I and MDA-5 to downstream signaling events, may mediates the activation of NF kappaB and IRFs and the induction of type I IFN. As the evidence has showed that Toll-like receptors (TLRs), I-IFN and IFN-inducible genes contribute to the pathogenesis of systemic lupus(More)
Pten is a tumor suppressor gene regulating many cellular processes, including growth, adhesion, and apoptosis. In the aim of investigating the role of Pten during mammary gland development and lactation of dairy cows, we analyzed Pten expression levels in the mammary glands of dairy cows by using western blotting, immunohistochemistry, and quantitative(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of filler content on microtensile bond strength (Μ-TBS) in Class I cavities. METHOD AND MATERIALS Experimental composites with filler contents of 80%, 76%, 70%, 60%, and 50% by weight were used. Polymerization shrinkage was measured with Acuvol, and a three-point flexural test was performed to determine flexural(More)
INTRODUCTION Wingless-type MMTV integration site family, member 10A (WNT10A) plays crucial roles in odontogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of WNT10A on human dental pulp cells (DPCs), which contain a mixed population of cells, including stem and progenitor cells, and participate in dentin repair or dentin-pulp regeneration. (More)
The role of LeuRS, an aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, as an intracellular l-leucine sensor for the mTORC1 pathway has been the subject of much research recently. Despite this, the association between LeuRS and lactation in dairy cow mammary epithelial cells (DCMECs) remains unknown. In this study, we found that LeuRS expression in mammary gland tissue was(More)
Five streptococcal strains were isolated from dental plaque and saliva of caries-free humans. The cells were gram-positive, non-spore-forming, non-motile cocci that were arranged in short chains. The strains were catalase-negative, facultatively anaerobic and produced lactic acid exclusively from glucose fermentation. Biochemical analysis that used both(More)
Homeostasis of oral microbiota can be maintained through microbial interactions. Previous studies showed that Streptococcus oligofermentans, a non-mutans streptococci frequently isolated from caries-free subjects, inhibited the cariogenic Streptococcus mutans by the production of hydrogen peroxide (HP). Since pH is a critical factor in caries formation, we(More)