Xuejuan Xu

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Surface tension and gravity, whose influence on the deformation of conventional engineering materials is negligible, become important for soft materials that are typically used in the microfabrication of devices such as microfluidic channels. Although for soft materials the shape change due to these forces can be large, it is often neglected in the design(More)
In problems of indentation of an elastic half-space by a rigid sphere, the effects of surface tension outside the contact zone are not accounted for by classical theories of contact mechanics. However surface tension plays a dominant role in determining the mechanics of this adhesive contact when the half-space becomes very compliant and the sphere is very(More)
We measured the shape change of periodic ridge surface profiles in gelatin organogels resulting from deformation driven by their solid-vapor surface stress. A gelatin organogel was molded onto poly-dimethylsiloxane (PDMS) masters having ridge heights of 1.7 and 2.7 μm and several periodicities. Gel replicas were found to have a shape deformed significantly(More)
We developed an indentation technique to measure the surface tension of relatively stiff solids. In the proposed method, a suspended thin solid film is indented by a rigid sphere and its deflection is measured by optical interferometry. The film deflection is jointly resisted by surface tension, elasticity and residual stress. Using a version of nonlinear(More)
The Laplace pressure of a droplet placed on one side of an elastic thin film can cause significant deformation in the form of a bulge on its opposite side. Here, we show that this deformation can be detected by other droplets suspended on the opposite side of the film, leading to interaction between droplets separated by the solid (but deformable) film. The(More)
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