Xuejiao Zhou

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Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has emerged as an alternative and promising noninvasive treatment for cancer as well as non-cancer diseases, which involves the uptake of photosensitizers (PSs) by cancer cells followed by irradiation. The use of nanomaterials as carriers of PSs is a very promising approach to improve the development of PDT in clinical medicine.(More)
Biochemical and biomedical applications of graphene oxide (GO) critically rely on the interaction of biomolecules with it. It has been previously reported that the biological activity of the GO-enzyme conjugate decreases due to electrostatic interaction between the enzymes and GO. Herein, the immobilization of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and oxalate(More)
Graphene oxide (GO) sheets are mixed with the aptamer-functionalized CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs). Consequently, the aptamer-conjugated QDs bind to the GO sheets to form a GO/aptamer-QD ensemble, which enables the energy transfer from the QDs to the GO sheets, quenching the fluorescence of QDs. The GO/aptamer-QD ensemble assay acts as a "turn-on" fluorescent(More)
Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) are great promising in various applications owing to the quantum confinement and edge effects in addition to their intrinsic properties of graphene, but the preparation of the GQDs in bulk scale is challenging. We demonstrated in this work that the micrometer sized graphene oxide (GO) sheets could react with Fenton reagent(More)
A simple, sensitive and rapid LC-MS/MS method has been developed and validated for determination of PA-824 in rat biological samples using darunavir as internal standard. Chromatographic separation was achieved on an Inertsil(®)ODS3 C18 column (150mm×4.6mm, 5μm) using gradient elution of methanol-0.1% ammonia in water (90:10, v/v) with fast gradient elution(More)
Investigation into the interactions between graphene oxide (GO) and biomolecules is very important for broad applications of GO in bioassay and bioanalysis. In this work, we describe the interactions between double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) and GO. We demonstrated that dsDNA can bind to GO forming complexes (dsDNA/GO) in the presence of certain salts, which(More)
Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) maintain the intrinsic layered structural motif of graphene but with smaller lateral size and abundant periphery carboxylic groups, and are more compatible with biological system, thus are promising nanomaterials for therapeutic applications. Here we show that GQDs have a superb ability in drug delivery and anti-cancer activity(More)
Graphene quantum dots (GQDs), owing to their unique morphology, ultra-small lateral sizes, and exceptional properties, hold great promise for many applications, especially in the biomedical field. In this work, the cellular internalization, distribution, and cytotoxicity of the GQDs are explored complementarily using transmission electron microscopy,(More)
Due to the high peroxidase-like activity and small lateral size of graphene quantum dots (GQDs), the covalently assembled GQDs/Au electrode exhibits great performance and stability in H(2)O(2) detection. It is better or comparable to some enzyme-immobilized electrodes, and thus could be useful in sensing H(2)O(2) changes in biological systems.
The exploration of efficient DNA intercalative agents (intercalators) is essential for understanding DNA scission, repair, and signal transduction. In this work, we explored systematically the graphene oxide (GO) interaction with DNA molecules using fluorescence spectroscopic (FL) and circular dichroism (CD) studies, gel electrophoresis, and DNA thermal(More)