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Soluble aerosols are measured at Guangdong and Hainan Provinces of southern China. The measured chemical composition of aerosols includes F-, Cl-, NO3-, SO4=, Na+, NH4+, K+, Ca2+, and Mg2+. The locations of measurements include a mega city (Guangzhou), a medium city along the coastline (Haiko), a small city along the coastline (Shanya), and a remote island(More)
BACKGROUND Coptidis Rhizome (CR), widely applied to treat with heat and toxicity, is one of the most commonly used traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), however, an extensive dosage can induce toxicity. Diarrhea is one of the most frequent side effects of CR treatment. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In this study, metabonomics was combined with the(More)
Organic acids as important constituents of organic aerosols not only influence the aerosols' hygroscopic property, but also enhance the formation of new particles and secondary organic aerosols. This study reported organic acids including C14-C32 fatty acids, C4-C9 dicarboxylic acids and aromatic acids in PM2.5 collected during winter 2009 at six typical(More)
Deep learning approaches have been widely used in Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) and they have achieved a significant accuracy improvement. Especially, Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) have been revisited in ASR recently. However, most CNNs used in existing work have less than 10 layers which may not be deep enough to capture all human speech signal(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the in vitro and in vivo release characteristics of Tacrolimus (FK506) from an episcleral drug-delivery implant. METHODS For in vitro experiments, Tacrolimus-loaded implants (0.5 mL; at concentrations of 0.25, 0.5, and 1.0 mg/mL) were immersed in a balanced salt solution. Samples of the surrounding liquid were aspirated at different(More)
Aerosol samples collected from July 2007 to March 2008 were used to obtain major aerosol constituents in an urban location in the Pearl River Delta Region (PRD), China. The minimum organic carbon (OC)/elemental carbon (EC) ratio was used to calculate the primary and secondary organic carbon and the extinction effect of the secondary aerosol on visibility(More)
Tacrine, as a drug for treating Alzheimer's disease (AD), has low efficacy owing to its single function and serious side effects. However, tacrine-6-ferulic acid (T6FA), the dimer which added ferulic acid to tacrine, has been found to be a promising multifunctional drug candidate for AD and much more potent and selective on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) than(More)
In order to investigate the pharmacokinetics of tropane alkaloids in Hyoscyamus niger L., a sensitive and specific high-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry method for the simultaneous determination of atropine, scopolamine, and anisodamine in rat plasma is developed and fully validated, using homatropine as an internal standard.(More)
Aerosol liquid water content (ALWC) has an important effect on atmospheric visibility as well as heterogeneous chemical reactions. In this paper, we used the data size-resolved particle hygroscopic growth factor, and particle number size distribution (PNSD) obtained from H-TDMA and SMPS to compute ALWC at the Guangzhou Panyu site from the winter of 2014 and(More)
Currently, Guangzhou region was facing the problem of severe air pollution. Large amount of aerosols in the polluted air dramatically attenuated solar radiation. This study investigated the vertical optical properties of aerosols and inverted the height of boundary layer in the Guangzhou region using the lidar. Simultaneously, evaluated the impact of(More)
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