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Hemicentin has come a long way from when it was first identified in C. elegans as him-4 (High incidence of males). The protein is now a recognized player in maintaining the architectural integrity of vertebrate tissues and organs. Highly conserved hemicentin sequences across species indicate this gene’s ancient evolutionary roots and functional importance.(More)
Pinewood nematode is native to North America and has been a deadly exotic pest infecting pine forests in Japan since the 1900s. It was first recorded in 1982 in subtropical China and has since aggressively spread to 113 counties and 14 provinces. As of 2007 the disease has infected over one million hectares of pine forests and 44 million pine trees in China(More)
Pine wilt disease is a severe threat to the native pine forests in East Asia. Understanding the natural regeneration of the forests disturbed by pine wilt disease is thus critical for the conservation of biodiversity in this realm. We studied the dynamics of composition and structure within different plant functional types (PFTs) in Masson pine forests(More)
Environmental factors are well-known causes of diseases. However, aside from a handful of risk indicators, genes’ encoding susceptibility to chronic illnesses and their associated environmental triggers are largely unknown. In this era of increasingly rich diets, such genetic predispositions would be immensely helpful from a public health perspective. The(More)
In accordance with the technique features of material proportioning belt system in the cement production, e.g., inertia, time lag, non-linearity and frequent disturbance in work field, a fuzzy neural network predictive controller based on neural network prediction model is designed. By combining fuzzy control, neural network and predictive control, it can(More)
Massive liquid crystal droplets have been found during embryonic development in more than twenty different tissues and organs, including the liver, brain and kidney. Liquid crystal deposits have also been identified in multiple human pathologies, including vascular disease, liver dysfunction, age-related macular degeneration, and other chronic illnesses.(More)
In this paper, fluorescence metal nanoshells (FMNs) were synthesized for target molecule detection on tissue specimens by fluorescence imaging method. FMNs were made with 40 nm silica spherical cores and 10 nm silver shells. Ru(bpy)(3)(2+) complexes were encapsulated in the silica cores for fluorescence properties. Avidin molecules were covalently bound on(More)
BACKGROUND Calcium phosphate mediated transfection has been used for delivering DNA into mammalian cells in excess of 30 years due to its most low cost for introducing recombinant DNA into culture cells. However, multiple factors affecting the transfect efficiency are commonly recognized meanwhile for years, the low transfection efficiency of this approach(More)
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