Xueguo Zhang

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Adult ependymal cells are postmitotic and highly differentiated. Radial glial cells are neurogenic precursors. Here, we show that stroke acutely stimulated adult ependymal cell proliferation, and dividing ependymal cells of the lateral ventricle had genotype, phenotype, and morphology of radial glial cells in the rat. The majority of radial glial cells(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Motor recovery after stroke is associated with neuronal reorganization in bilateral hemispheres. We investigated contralesional corticospinal tract remodeling in the brain and spinal cord in rats after stroke and treatment of bone marrow stromal cells. METHODS Adult male Wistar rats were subjected to permanent right middle cerebral(More)
We investigated whether compensatory reinnervation in the corticospinal tract (CST) and the corticorubral tract (CRT) is enhanced by the administration of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) after experimental stroke. Adult male Wistar rats were subjected to permanent right middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo). Phosphate-buffered saline (PBS, control, n=7)(More)
Recent clinical studies have demonstrated that auditory cortex electrical stimulation (ACES) has yielded promising results in the suppression of patients’ tinnitus. However, the large variability in the efficacy of ACES-induced suppression across individuals has hindered its development into a reliable therapy. Due to ethical reasons, many issues cannot be(More)
Low-pressure gastrointestinal distention modulates gastrointestinal function by a vago-vagal reflex. Noxious visceral distention, as seen in an obstruction of the gastrointestinal tract, causes abdominal pain, vomiting and affective changes. Using single neuron recording and intracellular injection techniques, we characterized the neuronal responses of(More)
Vago-vagal reflexes play an integral role in the regulation of gastrointestinal function. Although there have been a number of reports describing the effects of various stimuli on the firing rates of vagal afferent fibers and vagal motor neurons, little is known regarding the neurotransmitters that mediate the vago-vagal reflexes. In the present work, we(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To measure cerebral vascular and neuronal responses after stroke in the living mouse, we generated a mouse model of embolic stroke localized to the parietal cortex. METHODS Male C57/6J or male transgenic mice (2 to 3 months old) expressing yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) were used in the present study. A single fibrin-rich clot (8(More)
The lateral hypothalamus (LH) regulates metabolic, behavioral and autonomic functions. The influence of the LH on gastrointestinal function and feeding behavior may be mediated by the dorsal vagal complex (DVC). In the present experiment, we used tract tracing and neurophysiologic techniques to evaluate the interrelationship between the LH and DVC. Using(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ischemic stroke induces spreading depression of brain waves and ischemic depolarizations, suggesting electrical activity of neurons is sensitive to stroke. The present study was designed to measure the electrophysiological response of an array of individual neurons to ischemic stroke in rats. METHODS A custom-made microwire(More)
Galanin plays an important role in the regulation of food intake, energy balance, and body weight. Many galanin-positive fibers as well as galanin-positive neurons were seen in the dorsal vagal complex, suggesting that galanin produces its effects by actions involving vagal neurons. In the present experiment, we used tract-tracing and neurophysiological(More)