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A key aspect of marine environments is elevated pressure; for example, ∼70% of the ocean is at a pressure of at least 38MPa. Many types of Bacteria and Archaea reside under these high pressures, which drive oceanic biogeochemical cycles and catalyze reactions among rocks, sediments and fluids. Most marine prokaryotes are classified as piezotolerant or as(More)
Amidases catalyze the hydrolysis of amides to free carboxylic acids and ammonia. Hyperthermophilic archaea are a natural reservoir of various types of thermostable enzymes. Here, we report the purification and characterization of an amidase from Pyrococcus yayanosii CH1, the first representative of a strict-piezophilic hyperthermophilic archaeon that(More)
The hyperthermophile Pyrococcus yayanosii CH1 is the only high-pressure-requiring microorganism obtained thus far within the archaea domain or among all non-psychrophiles in any domain. In this study, we developed a genetic manipulation system for P. yayanosii after first isolating a facultatively piezophilic derivative strain, designated P. yayanosii A1.(More)
Deep-sea hydrothermal vent environments are characterized by high hydrostatic pressure and sharp temperature and chemical gradients. Horizontal gene transfer is thought to play an important role in the microbial adaptation to such an extreme environment. In this study, a 21.4-kb DNA fragment was identified as a genomic island, designated PYG1, in the(More)
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