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Semicontinuous fermentation using pellets of Rhizopus oryzae has been recognized as a promising technology for l-lactic acid production. In this work, semicontinuous fermentation of R. oryzae AS 3.819 for l-lactic acid production has been developed with high l-lactic acid yield and volumetric productivity. The effects of factors such as inoculations, CaCO3(More)
The Src homology 2 domain-containing tyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP-2) has been reported to have both tumor-promoting and tumor-suppressing roles in tumorigenesis. However, the role of SHP-2 in tumor immunity remains unclear. Here we observed progressively lower levels of phosphorylated SHP-2 in tumor-associated CD4(+) T cells during melanoma development in a(More)
AIMS We have previously reported that elevated expression of sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase 2 (SERCA2) was related to the malignant degree of different types of human liposarcoma. Here, we investigated the effects of high SERCA2b expression on proliferation and differentiation of preadipocyte-like human liposarcoma cell line SW872 cells.(More)
The p38 MAPK signaling pathway plays a pivotal role in inflammation. Targeting p38 MAPK may be a potential strategy for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. In the present study, we show that a novel chromone derivative, DCO-6, significantly reduced lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced production of nitric oxide, IL-1β and IL-6, decreased the levels of iNOS,(More)
BACKGROUND Activation of adenosine monophosphate-activated kinase (AMPK) has been associated with the inhibition of inflammatory nociception and the attenuation of morphine antinociceptive tolerance. In this study, the authors investigated the impact of AMPK activation through resveratrol treatment on bone cancer pain. METHODS The nociception was assessed(More)
Nonresolving inflammation in the intestine predisposes individuals to the development of colitis-associated cancer (CAC). Inflammasomes are thought to mediate intestinal homeostasis, and their dysregulation contributes to inflammatory bowel diseases and CAC. However, few agents have been reported to reduce CAC by targeting inflammasomes. Here we show that(More)
BACKGROUND IL-10 is known as a negative regulator for inflammatory diseases, including contact dermatitis. However, only a few drug candidates are reported to induce endogenous IL-10. OBJECTIVE We sought to elucidate a new mechanism underlying the immunosuppressive properties of astilbin through negative cytokine regulation in comparison with the(More)
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) exerts anti-inflammatory properties on immune cells and binds to CD4 molecules. However, the effects of EGCG on CD4(+) T cells remain largely unknown. Here, we found that EGCG enhanced IFN-γ-induced signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) activation in primary CD4(+) T cells from C57BL/6 mice and in a(More)
In the present study, the effect of asiatic acid, a natural triterpenoid compound, on murine experimental colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) and its possible mechanism were examined in vivo and vitro. Oral administration of asiatic acid dose-dependently attenuated the loss of body weight and shortening of colon length induced by DSS. The(More)
Facilitating T-cell apoptosis is implicated as an effective therapeutic strategy for treatment of T cell-mediated disease, including inflammatory bowel disease. Here, we report that astin C, a plant cyclopeptide isolated from the roots of Aster tataricus (Compositae), induced apoptosis of activated T cells in a mitochondria-dependent but Fas-independent(More)