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Mutations in PKD1, which encodes polycystin-1 (PC1), contribute to >85% of cases of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). The planar cell polarity (PCP) pathway is necessary for the oriented cell division and convergent extension that establishes and maintains the structure of kidney tubules, but the role of this pathway in the(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae cardiolipin (CL) synthase encoded by the CRD1 gene catalyses the synthesis of CL, which is localized to the inner mitochondrial membrane and plays an important role in mitochondrial function. To investigate how CRD1 expression is regulated, a lacZ reporter gene was placed under control of the CRD1 promoter and the(More)
How epithelial cells form a tubule with defined length and lumen diameter remains a fundamental question in cell and developmental biology. Loss of control of tubule lumen size in multiple organs including the kidney, liver and pancreas features polycystic kidney disease (PKD). To gain insights into autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, we performed(More)
Proton-gated Na(+) channels (ASIC) are new members of the epithelial sodium channel/degenerin gene family. ASIC3 mRNA has been detected in the homogenate of pulmonary tissues. However, whether ASIC3 is expressed in the apical membranes of lung epithelial cells and whether it regulates cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) function are(More)
We previously reported that disruption of the aquaporin-11 (AQP11) gene in mice resulted in cystogenesis in the kidney. In this study, we aimed to clarify the mechanism of cystogenesis in AQP11(-/-) mice. To enable the analyses of AQP11 at the protein level in vivo, AQP11 BAC transgenic mice (Tg(AQP11)) that express 3×HA-tagged AQP11 protein were generated.(More)
Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) are two genetically distinct ciliopathies but share common phenotypes such as renal cysts. Seven BBS proteins form a complex called the BBSome which is localized at the basal body or ciliary axoneme and regulates the ciliary entry or flagellar exit of several signaling(More)
Heterozygous mutations in PKD1 or PKD2, which encode polycystin-1 (PC1) and polycystin-2 (PC2), respectively, cause autosomal dominant PKD (ADPKD), whereas mutations in PKHD1, which encodes fibrocystin/polyductin (FPC), cause autosomal recessive PKD (ARPKD). However, the relationship between these proteins and the pathogenesis of PKD remains unclear. To(More)
Primary cilia are sensory organelles that transmit extracellular signals into intracellular biochemical responses. Structural and functional defects in primary cilia are associated with a group of human diseases, known as ciliopathies, with phenotypes ranging from cystic kidney and obesity to blindness and mental retardation. Primary cilia mediate mechano-(More)
Inositolsphingolipid phospholipase C (Isc1p) is the Saccharomyces cerevisiae member of the extended family of neutral sphingomyelinases that regulates the generation of bioactive ceramides. Recently, we reported that Isc1p is post-translationally activated in the post-diauxic phase of growth and that it localizes to mitochondria (Vaena de Avalos, S.,(More)
In eukaryotic cells, the phospholipid cardiolipin (CL) is primarily found in the inner mitochondrial membrane. Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants, unable to synthesize CL because of a null allele of the CRD1 gene (encodes CL synthase), have been reported with different phenotypes. Some mutants, when grown on a nonfermentable carbon source at elevated(More)