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Dysfunctional bone morphogenetic protein receptor-2 (BMPR2) signaling is implicated in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We used a transcriptional high-throughput luciferase reporter assay to screen 3,756 FDA-approved drugs and bioactive compounds for induction of BMPR2 signaling. The best response was achieved with FK506(More)
Metabolically generated acid is the major physiological stimulus for increasing proximal tubule citrate reabsorption, which leads to a decrease in citrate excretion. The activity of the Na-citrate cotransporter, NaDC-1, is increased in vivo by acid ingestion and in vitro by an acidic pH medium. In opossum kidney cells the acid stimulatory effect and the(More)
Podocytes are specialized cells that play an integral role in the renal glomerular filtration barrier via their foot processes. The foot processes form a highly organized structure, the disruption of which causes nephrotic syndrome. Interestingly, several similarities have been observed between mechanisms that govern podocyte organization and mechanisms(More)
Podocytes are specialized actin-rich epithelial cells that line the kidney glomerular filtration barrier. The interface between the podocyte and the glomerular basement membrane requires integrins, and defects in either α3 or β1 integrin, or the α3β1 ligand laminin result in nephrotic syndrome in murine models. The large cytoskeletal protein talin1 is not(More)
Glomerular injury often incites a progression to chronic kidney disease, which affects millions of patients worldwide. Despite our current understanding of this disease's pathogenesis, there is still a lack of therapy available to curtail its progression. However, exciting new data strongly suggest the podocyte-an actin-rich, terminally differentiated(More)
INTRODUCTION MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that not only regulate gene expression during normal development but can also be active players in several diseases. To date, several studies have demonstrated a possible role for specific miRNAs in the regulation of pulmonary vascular homeostasis suggesting that novel therapeutic agents which target(More)
Podocytes are terminally differentiated epithelial cells that reside along the glomerular filtration barrier. Evidence suggests that after podocyte injury, endoplasmic reticulum stress response is activated, but the molecular mechanisms involved are incompletely defined. In a mouse model, we confirmed that podocyte injury induces endoplasmic reticulum(More)
Lowe syndrome and Dent disease are two conditions that result from mutations of the inositol 5-phosphatase oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe (OCRL) and share the feature of impaired kidney proximal tubule function. Genetic ablation of Ocrl in mice failed to recapitulate the human phenotypes, possibly because of the redundant functions of OCRL and its(More)
A stable monolayer of the inorganic-organic hybrid polyoxometalate (Bu4N)2Mo6O19, denoted as Mo6O19, was formed on a sodium-3-mercapto-1-propanesulfonate (MPPS)-covered gold electrode surface, interlaced with an anionic poly(dimethyldiallylammonium chloride) (PDDA) binding layer based on the electrostatic self-assembled (ESA) technique. Electrochemical(More)
Nephrotic syndrome is a common disorder in adults and children whose etiology is largely unknown. Glucocorticoids remain the mainstay of therapy in most cases, though their mechanism of action remains poorly understood. Emerging evidence suggests that immunomodulatory therapies used in nephrotic syndrome directly target the podocytes. To study how steroids(More)
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