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The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) promotes plant water conservation by decreasing the apertures of stomatal pores in the epidermis through which water loss occurs. We found that Arabidopsis thaliana plants harboring transferred DNA insertional mutations in the sole prototypical heterotrimeric GTP-binding (G) protein alpha subunit gene, GPA1, lack both(More)
Abscisic acid (ABA) stimulates stomatal closure and thus supports water conservation by plants during drought. Mass spectrometry-generated peptide sequence information was used to clone a Vicia faba complementary DNA, AAPK, encoding a guard cell-specific ABA-activated serine-threonine protein kinase (AAPK). Expression in transformed guard cells of AAPK(More)
The changes in spatial memory performances and the binding of hippocampal peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) induced by D-galactose (D-gal) were investigated in rats. The animals were randomly divided into two groups: saline-treated group and D-gal-induced aging group. All rats received 56 days of injection followed by 5 days of behavioral tests.(More)
The effects of selected cations and pH on the acute toxicity of copper (Cu) to barley root elongation were investigated to develop an appropriate biotic ligand model (BLM). The results showed that increasing activities of Mg(2+) and Ca(2+), but not Na(+) and K(+), linearly increased the EC50 (as Cu(2+) activity). Unchanged EC50 at solution pH less than 6.5(More)
Several recent studies have shown that certain forms of genetic or acquired hypertension are associated with oxidative stress and that animals with those types of hypertension respond favorably to antioxidant therapy. We hypothesize that oxidative stress may cause hypertension via (among other mechanisms) enhanced oxidation and inactivation of nitric oxide(More)
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are persistent organic pollutants ubiquitously distributed in the environment and human populations. Here we report PFC concentrations in the residents of Wenzhou City, which is characterized as the 'Footwear Capital' of China. Specifically, fifty serum samples collected from workers in a leather factory, fifty-five umbilical(More)
Zinc is coreleased with glutamate from excitatory nerve terminals throughout the central nervous system and acutely inhibits N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor activation. Here we report that cultured murine cortical neurons briefly exposed to sublethal concentrations of zinc developed increased intracellular free Na(+), phosphorylation of Src kinase at(More)
Yield of S-adenosylmethionine was improved significantly in recombinant Pichia pastoris by controlling NH(4)(+) concentration. The highest production rate was 0.248 g/L h when NH(4)(+) concentration was 450 mmol/L and no repression of cell growth was observed. Within very short induction time (47 h), 11.63 g/L SAM was obtained in a 3.7 L bioreactor.
GsZFP1 encodes a Cys2/His2-type zinc-finger protein. In our previous study, when GsZFP1 was heterologously expressed in Arabidopsis, the transgenic Arabidopsis plants exhibited enhanced drought and cold tolerance. However, it is still unknown whether GsZFP1 is also involved in salt stress. GsZFP1 is from the wild legume Glycine soja. Therefore, the aims of(More)