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Annual production of crop residues has reached nearly 4 billion metric tons globally. Retention of this large amount of residues on agricultural land can be beneficial to soil C sequestration. Such potential impacts, however, may be offset if residue retention substantially increases soil emissions of N(2)O, a potent greenhouse gas and ozone depletion(More)
The effect of the nitrification inhibitor 3,4-dimethylpyrazole phosphate (DMPP) on N transformations and composition of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) communities was investigated at the centimeter scale in a microcosm experiment under laboratory conditions. After 28 days, samples were collected from soil treated with urea or urea and DMPP at increasing(More)
OpenACC provides a high-productivity API for programming GPUs and similar accelerator devices. One of the last steps in tuning OpenACC programs is selecting values for the num_gangs and vector_length clauses, which control how a parallel workload is distributed to an accelerator's processing units. In this paper, we present OptACC, an autotuner that can(More)