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BACKGROUND & AIMS Prolyl hydroxylase (PHD) hydroxylates hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) alpha, leading to HIFalpha degradation. The PHD family comprises PHD1, PHD2, and PHD3. The enzymatic activity of PHDs is O(2)-dependent, so PHDs are believed to be oxygen sensors as well as tumor suppressors. However, the expression pattern of PHDs in colorectal cancer(More)
Influenza A virus neuraminidase can be classified into groups 1 and 2 on the basis of its primary structure. The main structural feature of group 1 neuraminidase is an extra cavity in the active site, the 150-cavity. Here we present the crystal structure of neuraminidase from the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza strain. In contrast to other characterized N1(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs which can function as oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes in human cancers. Emerging evidence reveals that deregulation of miRNAs contributes to the human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In the present study, we demonstrated that the expression levels of miR-132 were dramatically decreased in examined NSCLC(More)
BACKGROUND Amifostine is the most clinical used chemical radioprotector, but its effect in patients treated with radiation is not consistent. METHODS By searching Medline, CENTRAL, EMBASE, ASCO, ESMO, and CNKI databases, the published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about the efficacy of amifostine in HNSCC patients treated with radiotherapy were(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective effects and molecular mechanisms of scoparone on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury in mice. Mice model of acute lung injury (ALI), induced by intranasal instillation of LPS, was used to investigate the protective effects of scoparone in vivo. The alveolar macrophages were used to(More)
Although several expression systems are currently available for the production of recombinant proteins, they still have some inherent disadvantages, thereby resulting in the desire to explore a novel expression system for producing recombinant proteins. Dunaliella salina (D. salina) has been exploited as a novel expression system for the field of genetic(More)
GlmM and GlmU are key enzymes in the biosynthesis of UDP-N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (UDP-GlcNAc), an essential precursor of peptidoglycan and the rhamnose-GlcNAc linker region in the mycobacterial cell wall. These enzymes are involved in the conversion of two important precursors of UDP-GlcNAc, glucosamine-6-phosphate (GlcN-6-P) and glucosamine-1-phosphate(More)
Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) causes diarrhea and colitis in humans that can develop into a life-threatening hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). Developing efficient means of controlling STEC diseases, for which no drugs or vaccines are currently available, remains a high priority. We report here the construction and development of(More)
PAQR3 is a member of the progestin and adipoQ receptor (PAQR) family and was recently characterized as a spatial regulator that negatively modulates Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK signaling cascade. However, little is known about the physiological functions of PAQR3 in the tumorigenesis of colorectal cancers. The function of PAQR3 in colorectal cancer development in mice(More)
Oil and water: A new energy-efficient and atom-economical catalytic route for the production of alkanes and methanol by upgrading the phenolic fraction of bio-oil has been developed. The one-pot aqueous-phase hydrodeoxygenation process is based on two catalysts facilitating consecutive hydrogenation, hydrolysis, and dehydration reactions.