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Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from gram-negative bacteria is a major initiator of sepsis, leading to cardiovascular collapse. Accumulating evidence has indicated a role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cardiovascular complications in sepsis. This study was designed to examine the effect of cardiac-specific overexpression of catalase in LPS-induced cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND Hyaluronic acid has been widely used for nonsurgical rhinoplasty. Little literature focuses on Chinese women of the Han nationality, who have a characteristic flattened facial contour. Projection of the nose, including the nasal dorsum, nasal tip, and columella, plays an important role in achieving an attractive face. AIM The aim of this study(More)
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Momordica charantia saponin (MCS) on ruminal fermentation of maize stover and abundance of selected microbial populations in vitro. Five levels of MCS supplements (0, 0.01, 0.06, 0.30, 0.60 mg/mL) were tested. The pH, NH3-N, and volatile fatty acid were measured at 6, 24, 48 h of in vitro mixed(More)
Calorie restriction (CR) is defined as a reduction in calorie intake below the usual ad libitum intake without malnutrition. Ample of clinical and experimental evidence has demonstrated that CR is capable of retarding aging process and development of cardiovascular disease. Although suppression of reactive oxygen species production and inflammation plays a(More)
BACKGROUND Ear framework fabrication with autologous costal cartilage is considered to be one of the important factors for successful auricular reconstruction. Congenital microtia in adults has many particular physiological characteristics different from that in children. The authors report an effective ear framework-fabricating technique in congenital(More)
Cigarette smoking is a devastating risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and nicotine is believed the main toxin component responsible for the toxic myocardial effects of smoking. Nonetheless, neither the precise mechanism of nicotine-induced cardiac dysfunction nor effective treatment is elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of(More)
Paraquat, a quaternary nitrogen herbicide, is a highly toxic pro-oxidant that causes multiorgan failure including that of the heart via generation of reactive oxygen species, although the underlying mechanism has not been well elucidated. This study examined the influence of cardiac-specific overexpression of catalase, an antioxidant detoxifying H(2)O(2),(More)
OBJECTIVES Second hand cigarette smoke is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Although a tie between smoking and cardiovascular disease is well established, the underlying mechanisms still remains elusive due to the lack of adequate animal models. This study was designed to use a mouse model of exposure to cigarette smoke, a surrogate of(More)
The mammary gland of dairy cows is a formidable lipid-synthesizing machine for lactation. This unique function depends on the activities of plasma membrane (PM) proteins in mammary cells. Little information is known about the expression profiles of PM proteins and their functions during the lactating process. This study investigated the proteome map of PM(More)