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The finding that eukaryotic lanthionine synthetase C-like protein 1 (LanCL1) is a glutathione-binding protein prompted us to investigate the potential relationship between LanCL1 and cystathionine β-synthase (CBS). CBS is a trans-sulfuration enzyme critical for the reduced glutathione (GSH) synthesis and GSH-dependent defense against oxidative stress. In(More)
alpha 1-Acid glycoprotein (AGP) is a major acute phase protein synthesized primarily by the liver. The AGP gene is transcriptionally activated in hepatocytes during the acute phase response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide. In this study, we analyzed an acute phase responsive element (APRE) located between nucleotide residues -127 to -104 relative to the(More)
Acute-phase reactants, metallothioneins, and heat-shock proteins are the products of three families of genes that respond to glucocorticoids and cytokines. Metallothioneins and heat-shock proteins, however, are also stimulated by heavy metals, whereas very little is known about the effect of heavy metals on acute-phase-reactant genes. We have studied the(More)
The trans-acting factors of the mouse alpha-fetoprotein proximal promoter (-202 base pairs) are aligned as follows: regions Ia (HNF-1), Ib (C/EBP), II (NF-1 or C/EBP), II' (NF-1 or HNF-1), III (NP-III), IV (NP-IV), Va (NP-Va), and Vb (C/EBP). Site-specific mutation abolished protein binding to the corresponding mutated site with the exception of the NF-1(More)
Cysteine proteinase inhibitors (CPIs) are involved in many vital cellular processes such as signalling pathways, apoptosis, immune response and development; however, no CPIs have yet been reported from the housefly Musca domestica. Here we report the isolation and characterization of a housefly CPI gene designated MdCPI. The gene contains an open reading(More)
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