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The dynamics of nitrate (NO(-) 3), a major nitrogen (N) source for natural plants, has been studied mostly through experimental N addition, enzymatic assay, isotope labeling, and genetic expression. However, artificial N supply may not reasonably reflect the N strategies in natural plants because NO(-) 3 uptake and reduction may vary with external N(More)
Mosses, among all types of terrestrial vegetation, are excellent scavengers of anthropogenic nitrogen (N), but their utilization of dissolved organic N (DON) and their reliance on atmospheric N remain uncharacterized in natural environments, which obscures their roles in N cycles. Natural (15) N abundance of N sources (nitrate (NO(3)(-)), ammonium(More)
Moss N isotope (δ(15)N(bulk)) has been used to monitor N deposition, but it remains questionable whether inhibition of nitrate reductase activity (NRA) by reduced dissolved N (RDN) engenders overestimation of RDN in deposition when using moss δ(15)N(bulk). We tested this question by investigation of δ(15)N(bulk) and δ(15)NO(3)(-) in mosses under the(More)
Epilithic mosses are characterized by insulation from substratum N and hence meet their N demand only by deposited N. This study investigated tissue C, total Chl and delta13C of epilithic mosses along 2 transects across Guiyang urban (SW China), aiming at testing their responses to N deposition. Tissue C and total Chl decreased from the urban to rural, but(More)
In urban cities in Southern China, the tissue S/N ratios of epilithic mosses (Haplocladium microphyllum), varied widely from 0.11 to 0.19, are strongly related to some atmospheric chemical parameters (e.g. rainwater SO(4)(2-)/NH(4)(+) ratios, each people SO(2) emission). If tissue S/N ratios in the healthy moss species tend to maintain a constant ratio of(More)
Natural mosses have been employed as reactive and accumulative indicators of atmospheric pollutants. Using the denitrifier method, the concentration, δ(15)N and δ(18)O of moss nitrate (NO(3)(-)) were measured to elucidate the sources of NO(3)(-) trapped in natural mosses. Oven drying at 55-70 °C, not lyophilization, was recommended to dry mosses for(More)
We investigated the carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) concentrations and isotopic signatures (delta 13C and delta15 N) in epilithic mosses collected from urban sites to rural sites along four directions at Guiyang area. Mosses C (34.47%-52.76%) decreased significantly with distance from urban to rural area and strongly correlated with tissue N (0.85%-2.97%),(More)
A study of the continuous precipitation in Guiyang has been taken during October 30 and November 7. The results showed that the range of pH was between 3.65 and 7.20, and volume-weighted mean was 4.24. SO4(2-) was the main anion and volume-weighted mean was 119.06 microeq x L(-1), accounting for 80.63% of total anions. While Ca2+ was the main cation and(More)
and isotopic signals in epilithic mosses for indicating anthropogenic sulfur on the urban–rural scale. 2011. Identification of dissolved sulfate sources and the role of sulfuric acid in carbonate weathering using dual-isotopic data from the Jialing River, Southwest China. Tracing sources of coal combustion using stable sulfur isotope ratios in epilithic(More)
Tissue N concentration and delta15 N signature in epilithic mosses were investigated along 4 directions from urban area to rural area at Guiyang city. Mosses N concentration ranged from 0.85% to 2.97% and showed significant decrease from urban area (2.24% +/- 0.32%) to suburb (1.27% +/- 0.13%), reflecting the level of atmospheric N deposition decreased away(More)